Allergy in Practice

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Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 10, 2005 - Medical - 276 pages
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Allergy is one of the major health problems of most modern societies. Although allergic diseases are well-known for almost two hundred years, their prevalence has increased dramatically over the last decades. Allergic reactions manifest in various organs, most commonly in the skin and mucous membranes, the frontier surfaces where the contact between the individual and the environment takes place. In a very concise and practical way this book covers all aspects of allergic reactions from pathophysiology to diagnosis, therapy and prevention with a strong focus on relevant aspects for the everyday work of the practising dermatologist and allergist in the hospital or office. This book reflects the rich personal experience of a German allergist with international training and reputation, who is active in immunology and allergy research and practice for almost 30 years. In this book, not only IgE-mediated allergic reactions are covered but all other kinds of allergies such as atopic eczema, contact dermatitis, drug eruptions, anaphylaxis and food allergies are equally represented as well as psychosomatic aspects and problems of environmental intolerances.

 

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Contents

Clinical Manifestation and Classification of Allergic Diseases
1
12 Clinical Manifestation and Definition of Allergy
2
13 Classification of Allergic Diseases
5
References
7
Pathophysiology of Allergic Reactions
8
22 Antibodies
15
23 IgEMediated Reaction
16
232 IgE and Atopy
17
References
162
554 Topical Glucocorticosteroid Therapy
164
5542 Practical Application of Topical Glucocorticoids
166
5543 Side Effects of Topical Glucocorticosteroids
167
References
169
56 PhotoallergyPhotosensitization
170
562 Clinical Manifestations of Photo hypersensitivity
171
563 Photosensitizers
172

24 Cytotoxic Reactions Type II
18
25 Immune Complex Reactions Type III
19
27 Less Frequent Types of Allergic Reactions Types V and VI
20
293 Leukotrienes
23
295 Serotonin
24
297 Mediators from Neutrophil Granulocytes
25
2910 Tachykinins
26
References
27
Genetics and Environment in the Development of Allergy
30
312 Molecular Genetics
31
References
32
32 Epidemiology of Allergic Diseases
33
322 Epidemiology of Contact Allergies
35
33 Allergy and Environment
36
333 Conclusions
40
References
41
34 Allergens
42
341 Allergenic Potency
43
342 Standardization of Allergen Extracts
44
References
57
Allergy Diagnosis
60
42 Skin Tests
61
426 Complications
62
427 Reading of Skin Tests
63
43 In Vitro Allergy Tests
64
432 Cellular Tests
67
433 In Vitro Detection of Allergens
68
442 Nasal Provocation Test
69
444 Oral Provocation Test
71
445 Parenteral Provocation
72
References
73
Allergic Diseases and Differential Diagnoses
76
References
80
References
88
513 Urticaria and Angioedema
89
References
96
514 Anaphylaxis
97
References
103
515 Food Allergy and Other Adverse Food Reactions
104
References
112
516 Insect Venom Allergy
114
References
120
517 Allergy and the Eye
122
References
125
522 Allergic Diseases of the Blood
128
523 Allergic Cytotoxic Organopathies
130
53 Allergic Diseases due to Immune Complexes
131
533 Allergic Immune Complex Vasculitis
133
References
135
54 Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Allergic Alveolitis
136
543 Pathophysiology
138
544 Allergens and Common Forms of Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
139
545 Allergic Bronchopulmonary Mycosis
141
55 DermatitisEczema
143
552 Contact Dermatitis
144
5522 Clinical Manifestations of Classic Contact Dermatitis
145
5523 The Patch Test
147
5524 Therapy
149
553 Atopic Eczema
151
5532 Pathophysiology
157
5533 Therapy
159
564 Diagnosis
173
565 Prophylaxis and Therapy
174
57 Adverse Drug Reactions
175
5712 Pathophysiology
176
5773 Risk Factors
177
5715 Hyposensitization in Drug Allergy
180
5717 Rare Drug Reactions
183
References
184
572 Pseudoallergic Drug Reactions
185
5722 Radiographic Contrast Media
188
5726 Muscle Relaxants
189
5728 Acetylsalicylic Acid and Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs NSAIDs
190
5729 Additives
191
573 Exanthematous Drug Eruptions
193
5732 Clinical Classification of Exanthematous Drug Eruptions
194
5733 Pathophysiology of Cutaneous Drug Eruptions
202
5734 Special Forms of DrugInduced Skin Diseases
204
References
205
58 Granulomatous Reactions
207
582 Pathophysiology
208
583 Therapy
209
59 Type VI Reactions StimulatingNeutralizing Hypersensitivity
210
592 Stimulating Hypersensitivity in Bacterial Infection
211
594 Therapy
212
5102 Differential Diagnoses
213
5103 Pathophysiological Concepts
214
5104 Management of Patients with Ecosyndrome
215
References
216
Allergy Prevention and Therapy
218
62 Antiallergic Pharmacotherapy
220
624 Leukotriene Inhibitors
221
626 Sympathicomimetics
222
627 Anticholinergics
223
6212 Antipruritic Treatment
224
6213 Antiallergic Pharmacotherapy and Pregnancy
225
63 Immunotherapy
227
References
234
632 Other Immunotherapeutic Procedures
236
References
238
64 Unconventional Procedures in Allergy
239
References
240
65 Allergy Prevention
241
653 Secondary Prevention
243
References
245
Psyche and Allergy
248
72 Stress
249
74 Psychoneuroallergology
250
75 Clinical Conditions
252
76 Therapy
253
References
254
Outlook
257
82 Clinical Studies
258
83 Diagnosis
259
84 Therapy
260
86 Controversies
261
Appendix
263
93 Position Papers of the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology EAACI
264
94 Allergy Textbooks
266
Subject Index
269
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