Alloying: Understanding the Basics
Joseph R. Davis
ASM International, 2001 - Technology & Engineering - 647 pages
Alloying: Understanding the Basics is a comprehensive guide to the influence of alloy additions on mechanical properties, physical properties, corrosion and chemical behavior, and processing and manufacturing characteristics. The coverage considers "alloying" to include any addition of an element or compound that interacts with a base metal to influence properties. Thus, the book addresses the beneficial effects of major alloy additions, inoculants, dopants, grain refiners, and other elements that have been deliberately added to improve performance, as well the detrimental effects of minor elements or residual (tramp) elements included in charge materials or that result from improper melting or refining techniques. The content is presented in a concise, user-friendly format. Numerous figures and tables are provided. The coverage has been weighted to provided the most detailed information on the most industrially important materials.
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alloying additions alloying elements alloys containing aluminum aluminum alloys amounts annealed applications ASM International ASTM austenite boron brasses bronzes carbides carbon content carbon steels cast irons casting alloys chromium cobalt cooling copper alloys corrosion resistance cracking decreases ductile iron Effects of Alloying electrical elevated temperatures embrittlement eutectic ferrite grades grain refinement graphite gray iron hardening hardness heat treated heat treatment high-strength high-temperature higher HSLA steels improve impurities increase intermetallic levels low-alloy machinability magnesium magnetic manganese martensite materials matrix mechanical properties melting metal microstructure molybdenum MPa ksi nickel-base niobium nitrogen oxidation resistance pearlite phase phosphorus precipitation produced quenched range reduce rhenium solder solid-solution solution stainless steels strengthening structure sulfur superalloys Table tantalum temper tensile strength thermal tion titanium tool steels toughness tungsten unalloyed vanadium wear resistance weldability welding yield strength zinc zirconium