Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines

Front Cover

This book examines potential technologies for replacing antipersonnel landmines by 2006, the U.S. target date for signing an international treaty banning these weapons. Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines emphasizes the role that technology can play to allow certain weapons to be used more selectively, reducing the danger to uninvolved civilians while improving the effectiveness of the U.S. military. Landmines are an important weapon in the U.S. military‚€™s arsenal but the persistent variety can cause unintended casualties, to both civilians and friendly forces. New technologies could replace some, but not all, of the U.S. military‚€™s antipersonnel landmines by 2006. In the period following 2006, emerging technologies might eliminate the landmine totally, while retaining the necessary functionalities that today‚€™s mines provide to the military.

 

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Contents

Executive Summary
1
1 Introduction
10
2 National Security Environments and the Context for Landmines
19
3 Current Uses of Antipersonnel Landmines
25
4 Evaluation Methodology
30
5 Alternatives Available Today
35
6 Alternatives Available by 2006
45
7 Alternatives Potentially Available After 2006
60
Appendixes
83
Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
85
Appendix B Committee Meetings
88
Appendix C Current Types of US Landmines
92
Appendix D Value of Antipersonnel Landmines in Unprotected Mixed Minefields
99
Appendix E The Ottawa Convention and Amended Protocol II of the Convention on Conventional Weapons
101
Appendix F Signatories to the Ottawa Convention and Their Alternatives to Landmines
115
Appendix G Mission Need Statements
118

8 Conclusions and Recommendations
77
References
80

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