Alternative and Mainstream Media: The converging spectrum

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A&C Black, Nov 1, 2011 - Business & Economics - 224 pages
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Historically, alternative media have been viewed as fundamental, albeit at times culturally peripheral, forces in social change. In this book, however, Kenix argues that these media do not uniformly subvert the hierarchies of access that are so central to mainstream media - in fact, their journalistic norms and routines have always been based on the professional standards of the mainstream.

Kenix goes on to posit the perception of 'mainstream' and 'alternative' as a misconception. She argues that, although alternative media can - and do - construct distinct alternative communications, they have always existed on the same continuum as the mainstream and the two will continue to converge. Through comparative analysis, this book argues that many alternative and mainstream media are merging to create a continuous spectrum rooted in commercial ideology. Indeed, much of what is now considered alternative media actually draws very little from principles of the independent press, whereas many contemporary mainstream media now use communication techniques more commonly associated with media that do not operate for financial gain.

This book puts forward a controversial but convincing argument around the relationship between alternative and mainstream media, drawing on examples from the UK, US, Australia and New Zealand to strengthen and develop the central premise.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 The Modern Media Continuum
17
3 Media Frames
40
4 The Power of Representation
59
5 Defining Media through Individual Motivations and Identities
74
6 Defining Media through Organizational Practices
94
7 Defining Media through Ownership
120
8 Defining Media through Ideological Influences
139
9 Conclusion
163
References
175
Index
211
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About the author (2011)

Linda Jean Kenix is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Canterbury. She was previously Assistant Professor in Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. Since receiving her Ph.D. from the University of Texas in 2001, her work has been published broadly in over 20 international journals and has presented her research at more than 30 international conferences, winning 'best paper' four times. She has been awarded two prestigious Erskine Fellowships with placements as a Visiting Research Fellow at Oxford University and the University of Cambridge.

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