Alternatives to Imprisonment: Intentions and Reality

Front Cover
Transaction Publishers - Social Science - 278 pages
0 Reviews

Alternatives to imprisonment become all the more important with the almost worldwide increase in incarceration. While knowledge about the destructive effects of imprisonment is well-documented, there is less scientific evidence as to the effectiveness of its alternatives. In Alternatives to Imprisonment, Ulla V. Bondeson undertakes a unique socio-legal and criminological study of the impact of three alternative sanctions: conditional sentence, standard probation, and probation with institutional treatment.

Bondeson thoroughly researches the history of alternative treatments, the genesis of the Swedish Penal Code, and the goals of criminal policy. She further examines the implementation of the sanctions by the courts, probation officers, lay supervisors, institutional staff, and how treatment is perceived by offenders throughout the process. Bondeson's extraordinary work also includes a recidivism study demonstrating considerable and surprising differences among rates of relapse, even when controlling for risk groups. She finds that those sentenced to conditional prison sentences had the lowest rates of criminal relapse. Those on probation had higher rates of relapse, while a combination of probation and institutional approaches had the highest rates. The author shows that despite the legislator's intent to improve the possibilities for re-socialization, principally the opposite result ensued. However, compared with the results of treatment in correctional institutions, the alternatives to imprisonment prove much more effective and less costly. Based on her findings, Bondeson makes a considerable number of practical suggestions for effective reform of penal law and treatment of offenders. Many of her proposals have also been subsequently implemented.

 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Selected pages

Contents

Problems and Theories
1
Evaluation of Conditional Sentence and Probation
2
A SocioLegal Analysis of the Effects of Legislation
4
Reform Proposals
14
The History of NonInstitutional Correction
16
The Development of Conditional Sentence and Probation in Sweden
20
Organization of the NonInstitutional Service
24
The Legislators Intentions
27
Recidivism Related to Supervision
145
Summary of Supervisor Styles Client Categories and Treatment Effects
157
Institutional Treatment Punishment or Treatment?
160
The Institution as a Social System
161
Values Held by the Staff
162
The Social Structure
165
Institutional Activities
178
Relations with the Outside World
184

Sources of the Law
28
The Judges Choice of Sanction
41
Description of the Sanction Groups
44
Searching for Factors Behind the Sentence
50
The Continued Search for Factors Behind the Sentences
60
Fines and Damages Combined with Conditional Sentence and Probation
64
Summary and Discussion of the Judges Choice of Sanction
66
The Effects of Sanctions Recidivism and Prediction
69
Prediction Study
72
The Effects of Sanctions
92
SupervisionAssistance or Control?
104
Models for the Behavior of Supervisors
105
The Supervisors Background Education and Experience
109
The Supervisors View of the Probation Services and Crime Prevention
115
Double Loyalty
120
Dyadic Analysis of Supervisors and Clients
126
Changes
185
The Law in Books and the Law in Practice
187
Realization of the Legislators Intentions Through the Enforcement of the Sanction
188
The Effect of the Sanctions
193
Criminological Interpretation of the Findings on Treatment
194
SocioLegal Interpretation of the Legislative Effects
195
Final Comments on Support and Control
207
Lines of Development and Suggestions for Reform
209
Punishment Treatment Least Possible Intervention and a Welfare Ideology
210
Changing the Sanction System
215
Changes in Probation
222
Changes in Society
239
Sampling and Methodology
243
Developments in the Use of NonCustodial Sanctions
253
Bibliography
263
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 270 - Krech, D., Crutchfield, R. and Ballachey, E. Individual in society. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1962.
Page xiv - The US Criminal Justice Conundrum: Rising Prison Populations and Stable Crime Rates." In Prison Population in Europe and in North America. Helsinki: Department of Prison Administration of the Ministry of Justice of Finland, 1997. Bondeson, Ulla V, Alternatives to Imprisonment: Intentions and Reality. New Brunswick. NJ. and London: Transaction Publishers, 2002. — . "Global Trends in Corrections.
Page xii - Bottoms9 states that we need to think constructively about integrated penalty "packages" that will attempt to enhance compliance through a creative mixture of constraint-based, instrumental, normative, and habitual mechanisms.

References to this book

All Book Search results »

Bibliographic information