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OBJECTIVES AND DIRECTIVES
IMPLEMENTATION OF ALTERNATIVE SANCTIONS
THE ADMINISTRATORS AND THEIR
public service or private organization?
addition adults alcohol alternative punishments alternative sanctions alternative sentences alternative to imprisonment attendance centres boot camp Canada committed community service order compared conditional sentence control group convicted offenders costs Council of Europe countries court criminal behaviour criminal justice system criminal record custody day centres day-fine detention deterrence drug addicts effect electronic monitoring Emergency of Intermediate England fact fines Finland Home Office house arrest implementation important imposed increase Intermediate Sanctions ISP clients ISP group ISP projects J.M. Byrne judge judiciary juvenile Mair mediation projects ment Morris and Tonry net-widening Netherlands objectives offender's options parole participants penal percent period Petersilia eds previous convictions prison population prison sentence probation officers probation service probation worker problem re-offending recidivism reform rehabilitation release remand restitution risk Sage Publ sanction conditions sentencing guidelines sentencing policy serious offences social target group technical violations tence tion traditional probation supervision treatment United victim