Alternatives to Prison: Punishment, Custody, and the Community
This comprehensive and accessible textbook outlines and critically appraises alternatives to custody. At a time of escalating prison costs, severe overcrowding and rising recidivism rates punishment in the community is widely seen as the means by which these problems can be solved. How valid is this claim? Vass traces the development of the prison, its recurrent crises and the search for workable alternatives. Can alternative punishments succeed in diverting offenders from imprisonment or will they inevitably be used as extra punitive measures by the court? How will they be enforced? What will their effect be on both offenders and the community at large? Drawing on international experiences of diverting offenders from custody through means such as tagging and electronic monitoring, he warns that in the absence of a coherent criminal justice policy these measures are unlikely to provide a solution. He assesses the challenges faced by probation and welfare services in having to develop punishment in the community. Among other alternatives including tagging and probation day centres, Vass also presents case study accounts drawing on firsthand experience of a community service order. Always engaging and lively, Alternatives to Prison will be an essential textbook for students of sociology, social policy, social work, criminology, youth and community work. Practitioners and policymakers in criminal justice, probation and social work will also benefit from its timely and important analysis and overview of the situation.
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The prison crisis in the 1980s
The debates rage on
The case reexamined
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000 population activities agencies alternatives to custody appear argued attempts attendance average Bottomley and Pease breach proceedings Cedar Hall Chapter community penal measures community service order context costs courts criminal justice system Crown Court custodial establishments custodial institutions custodial sentences day centre day training centres developments diverting offenders effect electronic tagging enforcement England evidence example expansion expenditure experience failure findings focused session given Home Office increase indictable offences inmates instance intentions juveniles means methods non-custodial penal measures offenders from custody offer organisation outcomes overcrowding penal sanctions penalties practice prison establishment prison population prison sentences prison system probation officers probation orders probation service problem programme punishment rate of incarceration recidivism reduce the prison relationships requirements responsibility risk role serious social control structure suggest supervising officers supervisors surveillance suspended sentence Trojan horse types of offenders Vanstone Vass and Menzies young offenders