Alvar Aalto

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Birkhäuser, 1995 - 240 pages
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Der finnische Architekt Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) entwickelte, ausgehend vom Neoklassizismus und Rationalismus, einen unverwechselbaren eigenen Stil, der funktionale und expressive Momente verschmilzt und dabei den Menschen und seine Bedürfnisse immer in den Mittelpunkt stellt. Als 1976 aus Helsinki die bedrückende Nachricht von Aaltos Tod kam, wusste man in Frankreich, dass eine der letzten Persönlichkeiten der großen Architektengeneration des 20. Jahrhunderts dahingegangen war. Aaltos Architekturformen lassen sich in keine historischen Schemas pressen. Seine Formen in Grundriss, in der Funktion, im Schnitt und im Aufriss sind alle so stark von seiner individuellen Persönlichkeit geprägt, dass eine Nachvollziehung seiner darin enthaltenen Gedanken, seiner Zeitkritik und seiner Lebensphilosophie sehr schwer ist. Karl Fleig hat mit Frau Elissa Aalto eine Edition gestaltet, die nicht nur die letzten Werke aufführt, sondern darüber hinaus auch Werk und Person darstellt.

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About the author (1995)

Alvar Aalto is considered the father of modernism in Scandinavia. He was born in Kuortane, Finland. His reputation as an architect has spread far beyond the bounds of his native country, where he built the major part of his work. He is perhaps Finland's greatest architect and certainly one of the major figures of twentieth-century architecture. As early as 1923, Aalto built in a typical Scandinavian style, relying heavily on native materials-timber in Finland's case-and produced such masterworks as the Library at Viipuri (1927-35), the Paimio Sanitarium, and the Villa Mairea. In 1932 he invented the process for making bent wood furniture. After World War II, his work began to be noticed internationally as he developed his own singular style, and he built some of his finest works-the Finlandia Concert Hall, in Helsinki, and the Baker Dorms at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, his only building in the United States, (1947-49). His style is based on irregular and asymmetric forms with many curved walls and single-pitched roofs and with a highly imaginative use of natural materials. Aalto is also known for the design of several classic styles of chairs, tables, and glassware.

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