America Becoming: Racial Trends and Their Consequences, Volume 2

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National Academies Press, Jan 25, 2001 - Social Science - 524 pages
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The 20th Century has been marked by enormous change in terms of how we define race. In large part, we have thrown out the antiquated notions of the 1800s, giving way to a more realistic, sociocultural view of the world. The United States is, perhaps more than any other industrialized country, distinguished by the size and diversity of its racial and ethnic minority populations. Current trends promise that these features will endure. Fifty years from now, there will most likely be no single majority group in the United States. How will we fare as a nation when race-based issues such as immigration, job opportunities, and affirmative action are already so contentious today?

In America Becoming, leading scholars and commentators explore past and current trends among African Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans, and Native Americans in the context of a white majority. This volume presents the most up-to-date findings and analysis on racial and social dynamics, with recommendations for ongoing research. It examines compelling issues in the field of race relations, including:

  • Race and ethnicity in criminal justice.
  • Demographic and social trends for Hispanics, Asian Americans, and Native Americans.
  • Trends in minority-owned businesses.
  • Wealth, welfare, and racial stratification.
  • Residential segregation and the meaning of "neighborhood."
  • Disparities in educational test scores among races and ethnicities.
  • Health and development for minority children, adolescents, and adults.
  • Race and ethnicity in the labor market, including the role of minorities in America's military.
  • Immigration and the dynamics of race and ethnicity.
  • The changing meaning of race.
  • Changing racial attitudes.


This collection of papers, compiled and edited by distinguished leaders in the behavioral and social sciences, represents the most current literature in the field. Volume 1 covers demographic trends, immigration, racial attitudes, and the geography of opportunity. Volume 2 deals with the criminal justice system, the labor market, welfare, and health trends, Both books will be of great interest to educators, scholars, researchers, students, social scientists, and policymakers.

 

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Contents

1 Racial Trends in the Administration of Criminal Justice
1
2 Race and Criminal Justice
21
3 Commentary on Randall Kennedys Overview of the Justice System
32
Trends Over the Short and Long Term
52
5 Racial Differences in Labor Market Outcomes Among Men
98
Women
124
7 Ethnic and Racial Differences in Welfare Receipt in the United States
152
The Military as Data
174
Recent Trends Current Patterns Future Directions Raynard S Kington and Herbert W Nickens
253
12 Racial and Ethnic Trends in Childrens and Adolescents Behavior and Development
311
The Role of Government Programs in Improving the Health Status of Americas Children
351
Patterns Paradoxes and Prospects
371
Racial Trends and the Spirit of Inquiry
411
APPENDIX A Acronyms
431
Research Conference on Racial Trends in the United States
434
APPENDIX C Biographical Sketches
439

9 Trends in MinorityOwned Businesses
190
10 Wealth and Racial Stratification
222
HERBERT W NICKENS 19471999
252

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About the author (2001)

William Julius Wilson, an American sociologist, received his Ph.D. from Washington State University in 1966 and teaches at the University of Chicago. His scholarly work, written from both historical and sociological perspectives, has concentrated on the condition of African Americans living in inner cities, especially the underclass. He stresses urban divisions separating the middle class from the poor.

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