America Goes to War: Managing the Force During Times of Stress and Uncertainty

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Rand Corporation, 2007 - History - 97 pages
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"For more than three decades, the United States has relied on an all-volunteer force to meet its military needs. Today, the sustainability of that force is being tested with high levels of deployment and subsequent "stress." Such an environment raises the issue of how the Department of Defense can continue to manage its personnel. This report looks at the history of conscription versus volunteerism (particularly in Great Britain, France, and Prussia) to understand when and under what conditions conscription has been used effectively to raise the manpower needed. Specifically, what actions could the U.S. Army take to increase the supply of volunteers or reduce the demand for new personnel? The report also focuses on the many programs that have been developed to help military members and their families cope during difficult times, as well as the particular challenges of understanding which programs work."--Publisher's website.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
To Draft or Not to Draft That Is the Question
3
The French Tradition
6
Equity and the Prussian Model of Universal Selective Service
9
The American Tradition
11
From the Revolution to the Civil War
14
From the Civil War to World War I
17
World War II
19
Civil War Volunteers
39
Between the Civil War and the AllVolunteer Force
40
Reducing Demand by Transforming the Force
57
The War in Iraq
60
Restructuring the Army
62
Transforming the Air Force Navy and Marine Corps
65
Family Program to Ameliorate the Most Negative Aspects of Deployment
68
The Traditional Army
69

19471973
22
The End of Conscription and the Beginning of the AllVolunteer Force
26
1981 and 2004
29
What History Tells Us
30
Are Conditions Right Today for a Return to Conscription?
32
To Go Soldiering Managing the Force Without a Draft
35
From the Revolution to the Civil War
36
The British Army of the 19th Century
38
The Development of Army Family Programs in the AllVolunteer Force
71
Deployments in the 1990s
74
Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom
76
Effectiveness of Military Family Support Programs
81
Summary and Conclusion
85
References
87
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