American Architecture: A History

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Westview Press, 2001 - Architecture - 606 pages
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American Architecture introduces the reader to the major developments that shaped the American-built environment from before the Europeans to the present, from the everyday vernacular to the high style of aspiration. Leland M. Roth describes the impact of changes in conceptual imagery, style, building technology, landscape design, and town-planning theory throughout the nation’s history. Based on his acclaimed and influential Concise History of American Architecture (1980), this new book is double the length with twice as many illustrations, featuring expanded coverage of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, regional styles, and contemporary buildings and architects. The author charts the social, cultural, and political forces that shaped the growth and development of American towns, cities, and suburbs. In ten chapters with 612 illustrations, he provides a full, reliable, and up-to-date description, analysis, and interpretation of American buildings and their architects. The illustrations are integrated into the text and consist of photographs, drawings, plans, and maps. Well-written and comprehensive, American Architecture is invaluable as a guide, study, and reference.
 

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Contents

THE FIRST AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE Ceremonial Enclosures and Homes
13
EUROPEANS IN THE NEW WORLD 16001700 Transplanted Vernaculars
39
IN THE LATEST FASHION 16901785 Georgian Architecture and Vernacular Themes
69
A NEW ARCHITECTURE FOR A NEW NATION 1785182O Searching for Symbols of Democracy
107
APPROPRIATION AND INNOVATION 18201865 Images of the Past Visions of the Future
151
ARCHITECTURE IN THE AGE OF ENERGY AND ENTERPRISE 18651885 Parvenu Taste in an Expanding Economy
211
THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE AMERICAN CITY AND SUBURB 18851915 The Search for Order
265
NOSTALGIA AND THE AVANTGARDE 19151940 Architecture for a New Century
339
THE EMERGENCE OF MODERNISM 19401973 Social Agenda or the Latest Aesthetic?
411
RESPONSES TO MODERNISM 19732000 Modernism and Its Discontents
475
Chronology
557
Glossary
559
List of Illustrations
568
Index
584
Copyright

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Page 462 - ... the realization as soon as feasible of the goal of a decent home and a suitable living environment for every American family...
Page 139 - The mobs of great cities add just so much to the support of pure government, as sores do to the strength of the human body.
Page 285 - They never begin to speak to you, in the manner of the builded majesties of the world as we have heretofore known such— towers or temples or fortresses or palaces— with the authority of things of permanence or even of things of long duration. One story is good only till another is told, and sky-scrapers are the last word of economic ingenuity only till another word be written.
Page 9 - The truth is that one-half of the American mind, that not occupied intensely in practical affairs, has remained, I will not say high-and-dry, but slightly becalmed; it has floated gently in the back water, while, alongside, in invention and industry and social organization, the other half of the mind was leaping down a sort of Niagara Rapids.
Page 168 - see the Capitol going on, it is a sign we intend the Union shall go on.
Page 257 - Four-square and brown, it stands, in physical fact, a monument to trade, to the organized commercial spirit, to the power and progress of the age, to the strength and resource of individuality and force of character; spiritually, it stands as the index of a mind, large enough, courageous enough to cope with these things, master them, absorb them and give them forth again, impressed with the stamp of large and forceful personality...
Page 206 - Instead of forcing the functions of every sort of building into one general form, adopting an outward shape for the sake of the eye or of association, without reference to the inner distribution, let us begin from the heart as a nucleus and work outward.
Page 141 - A Map of the Federal Territory from the Western Boundary of Pennsylvania to the Scioto River, laid down from the latest informations and divided into Townships and fractional parts of Townships agreeably to the ordinance of the Honblc Congress passed in May, 1785, which, according to the Phillips List of Maps of America, p.
Page 140 - I think our governments will remain virtuous for many centuries ; as long as they are chiefly agricultural ; and this will be as long as there shall be vacant lands in any part of America. When they get piled upon one another in large cities, as in Europe, they will become corrupt as in Europe.
Page 134 - But how is a taste in this beautiful art to be formed in our countrymen, unless we avail ourselves of every occasion when public buildings are to be erected, of presenting to them models for their study and imitation ? Pray try if you can effect the stopping of this work.

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About the author (2001)

Leland M. Roth is Marion Dean Ross Professor of Architectural History at the University of Oregon at Eugene. He is the author of American Architecture: A History; A Concise History of American Architecture; McKim, Mead & White, Architects; and other works. He lives in Eugene, Oregon.

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