American Beginnings: The Prehistory and Palaeoecology of Beringia
Frederick Hadleigh West, Constance F. West
University of Chicago Press, Dec 1, 1996 - History - 576 pages
During the last Ice Age, a thousand-mile-wide land bridge connected Siberia and Alaska, creating the region known as Beringia. Over twelve thousand years ago, a procession of large mammals and the humans who hunted them crossed this bridge to America. Much of the Russian evidence for this migration has until now remained largely inaccessible to American scholars. American Beginnings brings together for the first time in one volume the most up-to-date archaeological and palaeoecological evidence on Beringia from both Russia and America.
"An invaluable resource. . . . It will no doubt remain the key reference book for Beringia for many years to come."—Steven Mithen, Journal of Human Evolution
"Extraordinary. The fifty-six contributors . . . represent the most prominent American and Russian researchers in the region."—Choice
"Publication of this well-illustrated compendium is a great service to early American and especially Siberian Upper Paleolithic archaeology."—Nicholas Saunders, New Scientist
"This is a great book . . . perhaps the greatest contribution to the archaeology of Beringia that has yet been published. . . . This is the kind of book to which archaeology should aspire."—Herbert D.G. Maschner, Antiquity
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aeolian Alaska Range Aldan Aldan River America Anangula archaeological Arctic artifacts Asia assemblage Bering Bering Land Bridge Beringia bifaces birch bison blade cores bluff bone Brooks Range burins Cave Central Alaska charcoal chert cm thick cobbles Component core and blade Creek croblade Cultural Stratum Denali complex deposits Dyuktai early Holocene edge end scrapers evidence excavated fauna forest fossil fragments glacial hearth Hoffecker Holitna Holocene horizon Land Bridge late Pleistocene layer lithic loess lower mammoth Mochanov Mountain Nauka Nenana northern palaeosol peat pebble platform pollen Primorye projectile points Quaternary radiocarbon dates recovered region Research retouched Ridge River Russian samples sand sediments shrub Siberia side scrapers silt soil spalls species specimens spruce stone stratigraphic Stratigraphic profile Stratum surface tephra terrace tion tundra unifacial unit Upper Palaeolithic Ushki Ustinovka valley vegetation wedge-shaped cores wedge-shaped microblade cores West Yakutia Yukon Zone