American Constitutional Law: Essays, Cases, and Comparative Notes

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2004 - Political Science - 1095 pages
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A course on constitutional law and civil liberties can be and is nothing less than an extended inquiry into the meaning of America. American Constitutional Law: Volume 1 Governmental Powers and Democracy, newly revised by Donald P. Kommers, John E. Finn, and Gary J. Jacobsohn, is a casebook made for such an inquiry. True to the liberal arts tradition from which it emerges, it goes beyond the facts and rulings of the great cases in American constitutional law to engage important issues of political theory and the nature of our constitutional democracy. Although the focus is on American constitutional law, Kommers, Finn, and Jacobsohn break new ground by incorporating comparative materials that enrich the study of the American Constitution by challenging the reader to assess American constitutional values in light of other traditions and understandings of constitutional governance. In an era of constitutional globalization, this new edition of a distinguished text is essential to an appreciation of tradition and diversity.Volume 1 focuses on governmental structures and relationships and includes a new chapter on elections and political representation.
 

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This book helped me a lot when I was writing my US History AP essay on the constitutionality of Lincoln's suspension of habeas corpus. It stated exactly what I needed for clarification and reassurance! 5 stars!

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Interpretive Perspective
3
The Comparative Perspective
4
Institutional and Interpretive Foundations
9
The Supreme Court
11
Politics of Appointment
12
The Federal Court System
14
The Power to Hear Cases and Controversies
15
Selected Comparative Bibliography
195
State of Missouri v Holland
196
Youngstown Sheet Tube Co v Sawyer
199
The Prize Cases
201
War Powers Resolution United States Code Title 50 War and National Defense Chapter 33 1973
203
Iraq Resolution
207
United States v CurtissWright Export Corp
208
Korematsu v United States
211

Congressional Control Over Appellate Jurisdiction
18
Voting on Cases and Writing Opinions
21
The Impact of Decisions
22
Understanding Judicial Opinions
23
Comparative Perspectives
24
Generalized or Specialized Jurisdiction
25
Centralized and Decentralized Systems of Constitutional Review
26
Differences in Judicial Opinions
27
Conclusion
28
Selected Comparative Bibliography
29
The Constitution and Its Interpretation
31
The Why and What of Constitutional Interpretation
33
Sources and Methods of Interpretation
36
Textualism
37
Original History
38
Doctrinalism
39
Precedent
40
Prudentialism
41
Structuralism
42
Philosophical and Aspirational Argument
43
An Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendment?
44
A Case Study in Interpretation
45
Comparative Perspectives
48
Selected Bibliography
53
Intergovernmental Powers and Relationships
57
Judicial Power
61
The Early Struggle for Judicial Supremacy
63
Expansion of Judicial Power
65
Selfimposed Limits on Judicial Power
69
Political Questions
71
Judicial Review and Constitutional Amendments
73
Comparative Perspectives
75
Selected Bibliography
79
Marbury v Madison
80
Martin v Hunters Lessee
84
Dred Scott v Sandford
87
Cooper v Aaron
89
Ex Parte McCardle
91
Luther v Borden
93
Baker v Carr
96
Goldwater v Carter
101
Nixon v United States
103
Separation of Powers
109
Separation of Powers Today
111
Congressional Powers and Their Limits
112
Congressional Investigations
114
ExecutiveLegislative Relations
115
The Steel Seizure Case
116
Separation of Powers Reasserted
118
Appointment and Removal Power
119
ExecutiveJudicial Relations
120
Comparative Perspectives
123
Selected Bibliography
128
Selected Comparative Bibliography
129
Youngstown Sheet Tube Co v Sawyer
133
Powell v McCormack
138
Immigration and Naturalization Service v Chadha
143
Morrison v Olson
148
United States v Nixon
153
Clinton v Jones
156
Clinton v City of New York
164
Foreign Affairs and Constitutional Crises
171
The Constitutional Basis and Structure of Foreign Affairs Powers
173
The Growth of the Imperial Presidency in Foreign Affairs
174
The War Powers Resolution
175
The Constitution in Crisis
176
Crises and the Constitution
177
How Do Governments Respond to Crises?
178
The Constitutional Limitations Theory
180
Judicial Review and Foreign Affairs
181
Justiciability and the Political Questions Doctrine
182
War and Civil Liberties
183
The Constitution and the War on Terrorism
186
Comparative Perspectives
189
Foreign Affairs and the German Basic Law
190
Accountability and the Political Questions Doctrine in Canada
193
Selected Bibliography
194
Zadvydas v Davis
217
Ex Parte Milligan
222
Ex Parte Quirin
227
Federalism and State Regulation
231
Enumerated Implied and Reserved Powers
233
Marshalls Nationalism
234
Dual Federalism and Judicial Dualism
235
The Revival of Implied Limits on Federal Power
237
State Sovereignty and the Eleventh Amendment
239
Local Power over Commerce
243
Preemption
246
FederalState Comity
247
Interstate Comity
248
Comparative Perspectives
249
Selected Bibliography
253
Selected Comparative Bibliography
254
New York v United States
261
Printz v United States
267
US Term Limits Inc v Thornton
273
Alden v Maine
280
Federal Maritime Commission v South Carolina State Ports Authority
284
Cooley v Board of Wardens
287
Southern Pacific Company v State of Arizona
289
City of Philadelphia v New Jersey
292
Baldwin v Fish and Game Commission of Montana
294
Congressional Powers
299
Regulating Interstate Commerce
300
PostGibbons Checks on National Power
301
Modern Commerce Clause Jurisprudence
304
NewFound Limits on Congressional Power
305
The Rise and Fall of a Constitutional Doctrine
306
A Return to State Autonomy
308
Taxing and Spending Power
311
Additional Congressional Powers
313
Selected Bibliography
316
Selected Comparative Bibliography
317
United States v E C Knight Co et al
322
Champion v Ames
325
Hammer v Dagenhart
328
National Labor Relations Board v Jones Laughlin Steel Corporation
331
Wickard v Filburn
334
Heart of Atlanta Motel Inc v United States
336
National League of Cities v Usery
339
Garcia v San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority
343
United States v Lopez
348
United States v Morrison
352
United States v Butler
358
South Dakota v Dole
362
Voting and Political Representation
365
The Constitutional Framework and Political Participation
366
The Apportionment Revolution
369
Political Parties and Elections
373
Money and Politics
375
Bush v Gore
380
Comparative Perspectives
383
Selected Bibliography
390
Reynolds v Sims
391
Davis v Bandemer
394
Shaw v Reno
397
Hunt v Cromartie
402
Democratic Party of the United States v Wisconsin
404
Buckley v Valeo
407
Federal Election Commission v Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee
414
Bush v Gore
417
Declaration of Independence
423
The United States Constitution
425
First Inaugural Address
435
The Gettysburg Address
439
Understanding Supreme Court Opinions
441
Glossary of Terms
445
Chronological Chart of the Justices
451
Legal Research on the World Wide Web
455
The Federalist No 78
457
Table of Cases
461
Index
467
About the Authors
473
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Donald P. Kommers is Joseph and Elizabeth Robbie Professor of Political Science and Professor of Law at Notre Dame University. John E. Finn is professor of government at Wesleyan University. Gary J. Jacobsohn is Patterson-Banister Professor of Government at the University of Texas, Austin.

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