American Corrections

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Cengage Learning, Jan 3, 2008 - Social Science - 624 pages
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Todd R. Clear, a leading expert in the study of U.S. corrections, George F. Cole, considered by many as a founding father of modern criminal justice study, and coauthor Michael D. Reisig combine their talents in the new eighth edition of the market-leading AMERICAN CORRECTIONS. This premier author team brings you Clear's expertise in corrections, complements it with Cole's organizational view of the system, and offers Reisig's fresh critical perspective. The result is a well-rounded, balanced approach to corrections. Taking a sociological and historic approach to corrections, the text treats institutional and community sanctions evenhandedly, looking at the system from the perspectives of the corrections worker as well as the offender. It also presents the concept of corrections as a system of interconnected organizations and carries this theme throughout the book. High-profile corrections cases taken from recent headlines and integrated coverage of career options in the field demonstrate the real-world relevance of the theories, concepts, and policies presented in the text for students. Finally, many instructors consistently choose Clear/Cole/Reisig because it provides comprehensive coverage without overwhelming students. At 23 chapters and 608 pages it is very compatible with standard semester-long courses.
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Contents

The Corrections System
3
The Early History of Correctional Thought and Practice
27
The History of Corrections in America
41
The Punishment of Offenders
65
The Law of Corrections
97
The Correctional Client
127
Jails Detention and ShortTerm Incarceration
159
Probation
185
Release from Incarceration
377
Making It Supervision in the Community
399
Corrections for Juveniles
431
Incarceration Trends
461
Race Ethnicity and Corrections
479
The Death Penalty
495
Surveillance and Control in the Community
519
Community Justice
533

Intermediate Sanctions and Community Corrections
217
Incarceration
241
The Prison Experience
265
Incarceration of Women
289
Institutional Management
313
Institutional Programs
343
American Corrections Looking Forward
551
Glossary
564
Index
571
Photo Credits
583
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Todd R. Clear is the Provost at Rutgers University in Newark, New Jersey. He is currently involved in studies of religion and crime, the criminological implications of "place," and the concept of "community justice." He serves as founding editor of the journal Criminology and Public Policy. Previous writing covers the topics of correctional classification, prediction methods in correctional programming, community-based correctional methods, intermediate sanctions, and sentencing policy. Clear has been elected to national office in the American Society of Criminology and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. He has served as a programming and policy consultant to public agencies in over 40 states and five nations, and his work has been recognized through several awards, including those of the American Society of Criminology, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, The Rockefeller School of Public Policy, the American Probation and Parole Association, and the International Community Corrections Association. Clear is the author of three books on community justice: COMMUNITY JUSTICE (Cengage Learning), WHAT IS COMMUNITY JUSTICE? (Sage), and THE COMMUNITY JUSTICE IDEAL (Westview). He is also author of IMPRISONING COMMUNITIES: HOW MASS INCARCERATION MAKES DISADVANTAGED PLACES WORSE (Oxford University Press).

George F. Cole is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Connecticut. He has been recognized for outstanding teaching and research and in 1995 was named a Fellow of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. A specialist in the administration of criminal justice, he has published extensively on such topics as prosecution, courts, and corrections. He developed and directed the graduate corrections program at the University of Connecticut and was a Fellow at the National Institute of Justice (1988). Among his other accomplishments, he has been granted two awards under the Fulbright-Hays Program to conduct criminal justice research in England and the former Yugoslavia. He is co-author of several Wadsworth criminal justice titles, including THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE, 14th Edition (with Christopher Smith and Christina DeJong); AMERICAN CORRECTIONS, 11th Edition (with Todd Clear and Michael Reisig); AMERICAN CORRECTIONS IN BRIEF, 3rd Edition (with Todd Clear, Michael Reisig, and Carolyn Petrosino); and THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: POLITICS AND POLICIES, 10th Edition (with Marc Gertz).

Michael Reisig is Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University. He received his Ph.D. from Washington State University in 1996. Previously he was faculty member at Michigan State University and Florida State University. His corrections research has appeared in several leading criminology journals, including Criminology, Crime and Delinquency, Justice Quarterly, and Punishment and Society.

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