American Creed: Philanthropy and the Rise of Civil Society, 1700-1865
Since the dawn of the republic, faith in social equality, religious freedom, and the right to engage in civic activism have constituted our national creed. In this bracing history, Kathleen D. McCarthy traces the evolution of these ideals, exploring the impact of philanthropy and volunteerism on America from 1700 to 1865. What results is a vital reevaluation of public life during the pivotal decades leading up to the Civil War.
The market revolution, participatory democracy, and voluntary associations have all been closely linked since the birth of the United States. American Creed explores the relationships among these three institutions, showing how charities and reform associations forged partnerships with government, provided important safety valves for popular discontent, and sparked much-needed economic development. McCarthy also demonstrates how the idea of philanthropy became crucially wedded to social activism during the Jacksonian era. She explores how acts of volunteerism and charity became involved with the abolitionist movement, educational patronage, the struggle against racism, and female social justice campaigns. What resulted, she contends, were heated political battles over the extent to which women and African Americans would occupy the public stage.
Tracing, then, the evolution of civil society and the pivotal role of philanthropy in the search for and exercise of political and economic power, this book will prove essential to anyone interested in American history and government.
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Abolitionism abolitionist Absalom Jones activities African American Allen American Colonization Society Andrew Jackson Annual Report antebellum Antislavery Society auxiliaries Benevolent Empire Benjamin Bible Boston Female campaigns capital Catholic chap Chapel Hill charter Chicago citizens City city’s civil society colonial congregations country’s created diﬀerent dollars donations Dorothea Dix economic educational eﬀect eﬀorts elite evangelical federal ﬁgure ﬁnancial ﬁrst Franklin free blacks fund-raising funds fVomen Gratz groups Harvard helped History Indian Indian removals institutions invested Jacksonian James Jeﬀerson Jewish John Journal labor legislative liberty Massachusetts moral nonproﬁt North Carolina North Carolina Press Northern oﬀered oﬃce oﬃcials organizations Oxford University Press petition Philadelphia philanthropy political culture Protestant Rebecca Gratz reform religious republican Revolution role signiﬁcant slaveholding slavery slaves society’s South Southern Sunday School tion trustees University of North ventures Virginia voluntary associations W. E. B. Du Bois white women women’s charities York
Page 1 - HERE WAS BURIED THOMAS JEFFERSON, Author of the Declaration of American Independence, Of the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom, And Father of the University of Virginia ; because by these, as testimonials that I have lived, I wish most to be remembered.