American Indian Painting of the Southwest and Plains Areas
For the Southwestern Indians, painting was a natural part of all the arts and ceremonies through which they expressed their perception of the universe and their sense of identification with nature. It was wholly lacking in individualism, included no portraits, singled out no artists. But the roving life of the Plains Indians produced a more personal art. Their painted hides were records of an individual's exploits intended, not to supplicate or appease unearthly powers, but to gain prestige within the tribe and proclaim invincibility to an enemy. Plains painting served man-to-man relationships, Southwestern painting those of man to nature, man to God. Such characteristics, and the ways they persist in contemporary Indian painting, are documented by the 157 examples Miss Dunn has chosen to illustrate her story. Thirty-three of these pictures, in full color, are here published for the first time.
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THE EARLIEST ART
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abstract American American Indian animals Apache appear Arizona artists Association bands birds buffalo Center century ceremonial classes clouds Collection color composition continued corn culture Dance dancers decoration deer depicted designs detail drawings drawn early earth elements examples exhibition Facing feathers Fewkes field Figure forms give hide History Hopi horses hunting Indian art Indian painting indicated individual influence Institution interest Kiowa known later less light lines lived manner Mexico motifs murals Museum native natural Navajo original outlined painters patterns period pictographs Plains plant Plate pottery present prizes produced Pueblo rain range recent records represented San Ildefonso Santa Fe scenes seems Sioux Southwest strong Studio style subjects suggest symbols techniques Tempera tion traditional tribal tribes United University usually various walls Watercolor yellow York young Zuņi