American Language Supplement 2

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Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, Apr 4, 2012 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 889 pages
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The DEFINITIVE EDITION OF The American Language was published in 1936.  Since then it has been recognized as a classic.  It is that rarest of literary accomplishments—a book that is authoritative and scientific and is at the same time very diverting reading.  But after 1936 HLM continued to gather new materials diligently.  In 1945 those which related to the first six chapters of The American Language were published as Supplement I; the present volume contains those new materials which relate to the other chapters.

The ground thus covered in Supplement II is as follows:
1.   American Pronunciation.  Its history.  Its divergence from English usage.  The regional and racial dialects.
2.   American Spelling.  The influence of Noah Webster upon it.  Its characters today.  The simplified spelling movement.  The treatment of loan words.  Punctuation, capitalization, and abbreviation.
3.   The Common Speech.  Outlines of its grammar.  Its verbs, pronouns, nouns, adjectives, and adverbs.  The double negative.  Other peculiarities.
4.   Proper Names in America.  Surnames.  Given-names.  Place-names.  Other names.
5.   American Slang.  Its origin and history.  The argot of various racial and occupational groups.

Although the text of Supplement II is related to that of The American Language, it is an independent work that may be read profitably by persons who do not know either The American Language or Supplement I.

 

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Contents

ABBREVIATIONS
VIITHE PRONUNCIATION OF AMERICAN
1 ITS GENERAL CHARACTERS
2 THE VOWELS
3 THE CONSONANTS
4 DIALECTS
North Carolina
North Dakota
Bakers4
Bartenders
Baseballplayers7
Beauticians
Booksellers2
Bricklayers13
Cannery Workers1
Cattlemen2

Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Alaska
Hawaii
The Philippines
Puerto Rico
The Virgin Islands
Canada
Other Dialects
VIIIAMERICAN SPELLING
1 THE INFLUENCE OF NOAH WEBSTER
2 THE ADVANCE OF AMERICAN SPELLING
3 THE SIMPLIFIED SPELLING MOVEMENT
4 THE TREATMENT OF LOANWORDS
5 PUNCTUATION CAPITALIZATION AND ABBREVIATION
IXTHE COMMON SPEECH
1 OUTLINES OF ITS GRAMMAR
2 THE VERB
3 THE PRONOUN
4 THE NOUN
5 THE ADJECTIVE
6 THE ADVERB
7 THE DOUBLE NEGATIVE
8 OTHER SYNTACTICAL PECULIARITIES
XPROPER NAMES IN AMERICA
1 SURNAMES
2 GIVEN NAMES1
3 PLACENAMES
4 OTHER PROPER NAMES
XIAMERICAN SLANG
1 THE NATURE OF SLANG
2 CANT AND ARGOT
Advertising Agents
Aquarists
Applepickers5
Chautauquans3
Clergymen6
Cockfighters8
Crapshooters3
Departmentstore Salespeople6
Distillery Workers1
Dogbreeders
Firemen
Fishermen4
Fooddispensers2
Furnitureworkers4
Garbage Men1
Garment Workers2
Glassblowers2
Golfers5
Hospital Attendants3
Hotel Workers4
HousePainters6
HouseWreckers1
Laundrymen5
Leather Workers6
Machinists5
Miners Coal6
Miners Metal2
Oilfield Workers1
Packinghouse Workers3
Photographers1
Plasterers4
Plumbers and Steamfitters5
Postoffice Workers1
Potters
Racetrack Followers11
Rubber Workers3
Sheepmen5
Shoe Clerks6
Shoemakers8
SodaJerkers2
Steel Workers1
Stockbrokers4
Stonecutters2
Structural Iron Workers
Textileworkers3
Tobaccogrowers1
Union Men in General5
H L MENCKEN
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2012)

Henry Louis Mencken was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on September 12, 1880, and died there during the night of January 28-9, 1956.  A son of August and Anne (Abhau) Mencken, he was educated privately and at the Baltimore Polytechnic.  He married (August 27, 1930) Sara Powell Haardt, who died on May 31, 1935.
                Mencken became a reporter for the Baltimore Morning Herald in 1899; its city editor in 1903; and editor of the Evening Herald in 1905.  He served on the staff of the Baltimore Sun from 1906 to 1910 and on that of the Evening Sun from 1910 to 1917 and again from 1920 to 1935.  But he never ceased to be associated with the Sun papers, and was for many, many years a director for their publishers, The A.S. Abell Company.  He became a literary critic of the Smart Set in 1908, and was its co-editor from 1914 to 1923.  He was editor of the American Mercury from 1924 to 1933.
                His published books included: Ventures into Verse (1903); George Bernard Shaw—His Plays (1905); The Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzche (1908); The Artist (1912); A Book of Burlesques (1916); A Little Book in C Major (1916); A Book of Prefaces (1917); In Defense of Women (1917); Damn—a Book of Calumny (1917); The American Language (1919—4th revision, 1936); Supplement I (1945); Supplement II (1948); Prejudices—First Series (1919); Second Series (1920); Third Series (1922); Fourth Series (1924); Fifth Series (1926); Sixth Series (1927); Notes on Democracy (1926); Treatise on the Gods (1930); Making a President (1932); Treatise on Right and Wrong (1934); Happy Days (1940); Newspaper Days (1941); Heathen Days (1943); A Christmas Story (1946); A Mencken Chrestomathy (1949); Minority Report (1956); The Bathtub Hoax  (1958); H.L. Mencken on Music (1961); and Letters of H.L. Mencken (1961).  Mencken also edited several books; he selected and edited A New Dictionary of Quotations (1942).

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