American Medicinal Leaves and Herbs

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1911 - Botany, Medical - 56 pages
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Introduction
This article covers origins of the plant and some uses.
This is good background information about the peppermint plant for the writing of the introduction.

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Page 29 - ... (Fig. 21.) The flowering period is the same as for peppermint— from July to September. Collection, prices, and uses. — The dried leaves and flowering tops are official in the United States Pharmacopoeia and should be collected before the flowers are fully developed. The price at present is about 3| cents a pound. Spearmint is used for similar purposes as peppermint, although its action is milder. The odor and taste closely resemble those of peppermint, but a difference may be detected, the...
Page 40 - Habitat and range. — This is another garden plant introduced into this country from Europe and now escaped from cultivation, occurring as a weed along waysides and fences from New England to Minnesota and southward to North Carolina and Missouri. Description. — Tansy is strong-scented perennial herb with finely divided, fernlike leaves and yelFIG.
Page 28 - Habitat and range. — Peppermint is naturalized from Europe and is found in damp places from Nova Scotia to Minnesota and south to Florida and Tennessee. It is largely cultivated, principally in Michigan and New York, where the distillation of the plants for the oil is carried on commercially on a very extensive scale, and also in parts of Indiana, Iowa, and Wisconsin. Description. — P...
Page 3 - SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith and to recommend for publication as Bulletin No. 219 of the series of this Bureau the accompanying manuscript, entitled "American Medicinal Leaves and Herbs.
Page 23 - ... United States Pharmacopoeia. These are gathered just before the plant is in flower, the coarse stalks being rejected. They should be carefully dried in the shade. The odor is pleasant, rather aromatic, but diminishes in drying. The taste is bitter and persistent. Horehound at present brings about 1 } to 2 cents a pound.
Page 32 - COMMON SPEEDWELL. Veronica officinalis L. Other common names.— Paul's betony, ground-hele, fluellin, upland speedwell. Habitat and range.— This little herb frequents dry fields and woods from Nova Scotia to Michigan and south to North Carolina and Tennessee. It also occurs in Europe and Asia. Description. — The common speedwell creeps over the ground by means of rather woody stems rooting at the joints and sends up branches from 3 to 10 inches in height. It is hairy all over. The leaves are...
Page 40 - It has a stout, somewhat reddish, erect stem, usually smooth, 1$ to 3 feet high, and branching near the top. The entire leaf is about 6 inches long, its general outline oval, but it is divided nearly to the midrib into about seven pairs of segments, or lobes, which like the terminal one are again divided for about two-thirds of the distance to the midvein into smaller lobes having saw-toothed margins, giving to the leaf a somewhat feathery or fernlike appearance. The yellow flowers, borne in terminal...
Page 35 - Collection, prices, and uses.— The Pharmacopoeia directs that the leaves and tops be collected after some of the capsules have become inflated. Not too much of the stemmy portion should be included. The leaves and tops should be dried in the shade and when dry kept in covered receptacles. The price paid for the dried leaves and tops is about 3 cents a pound. Lobelia has expectorant properties, acts upon the nervous system and bowels, causes vomiting, and is poisonous. The seed of lobelia is also...
Page 41 - ... and stemless and borne on short stems and the uppermost linear with unbroken margins. The flower clusters, appearing from July to October, consist of numerous small, insignificant, drooping, flat-globular, yellow heads. (Fig. 33.) Collection, prices, and FIG.
Page 41 - Absinthium, absinth, madderwort, mingwort, old woman, warmot, mugwort. Habitat and range. — Wormwood, naturalized from Europe and mostly escaped from gardens in this country, is found in waste places and along roadsides from Newfoundland to New York and westward. It is occasionally cultivated. Description. — This shrubby, aromatic...

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