American Umpire

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Harvard University Press, Mar 4, 2013 - History - 448 pages
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Commentators call the United States an empire: occasionally a benign empire, sometimes an empire in denial, often a destructive empire. In American Umpire Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman asserts instead that America has performed the role of umpire since 1776, compelling adherence to rules that gradually earned broad approval, and violating them as well.
 

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Contents

Or A Cautionary Tale of How the World Changed after 1776
1
1 To Compel Acquiescence Or How Federalism Replaced Empire with Umpire 16481789
21
2 Umpire Attacked Or How the French Revolution Created the American Party System 17891800
52
3 Another Umpire than Arms Or How Economic Sanctions Became a Tool of Foreign Relations 18001815
76
4 A Rowboat in the Wake of a Battleship Or How America Flagged the Continent and Federal Power Triumphed 18151865
93
5 Territorial Expansion versus Saltwater Imperialism Or How America Entered the Fray for Colonies 18651920
137
6 The Open Door and the First International Rules Or How the United States Chose Another Way 19001920
179
7 War against War Or How the Democracies Stumbled and the World Caught Fire 19201939
209
8 Up to the Neck and in to the Death Or How America Became an Ally 19391945
243
9 The Buck Stops Here Or How the United States Assumed the Burden of Preemptive Intervention 19451947
268
10 A Coercive Logic Or How America Spread Freedom and Wealth and Compromised Its Ideals 19471991
293
Good Calls Bad Calls and Rules in Flux Or Who Wants to Be Ump? 1991Present
333
Notes
355
Acknowledgments
413
Index
415
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