American Corrections

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Wadsworth Publishing, 1997 - Corrections - 586 pages
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A comprehensive look at all areas of corrections as a system of interconnected organizations. Contains extensive pedagogical features to aid student understanding. Includes the most recent research findings and implications of policy issues.

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Contents

H A P T E R 1 The Corrections System
3
H A P T E R 2 0 Surveillance and Control in the Community 5 38
5
A Systems Framework for Studying Corrections
10
Key Issues in Corrections
18
Summary
28
On the Eve of Reform
37
Summary
46
The Reformatory Movement 5 7
59
Formal Organization
324
Governing Prisons
333
The Linchpin of Management
341
Summary
352
H A P T E R 1 3 Institutional Programs
356
Rehabilitative Programs
363
The Rediscovery of Correctional Rehabilitation 37 5
376
Prison Recreation Programs
384

The Rise of the Medical Model
68
H A P T E R 4 The Punishment of Offenders
76
Forms of the Criminal Sanction
84
Probation
90
H A P T E R 5 The Correctional Client
106
Key Issues
134
Detention and ShortTerm Incarceration
142
Pretrial Detention
151
The Sentenced Jail Inmate
161
Issues in Jail Management
163
The Future of the Jail 1 70
170
Probation
177
The Organization of Probation Today
181
The Effectiveness of Supervision
198
Summary
206
H APT E R 8 Intermediate Sanctions and Community Corrections
210
The Case for Intermediate Sanctions
212
Varieties of Intermediate Sanctions
219
Making Intermediate Sanctions Work
228
The Future of Intermediate Sanctions and Community Corrections
237
H A PT E R 9 Incarceration
240
Links to the Past
243
The Design and Classification of Prisons 25 1
252
Summary
263
H A P T E R 1 0 The Prison Experience
266
Assaultive Behavior and Inmate Characteristics 2 82
284
Past Present and Future
289
H A P T E R I 1 Incarceration of Women
294
Historical Perspective
298
Trends and Issues in the Incarceration of Women
304
Release to the Community
317
H A PT E R 1 2 Institutional Management 32 2
388
Constitutional Rights
393
The Problem of Compliance
404
Alternatives to Litigation
406
H A PT E R 1 5 Release from Incarceration
414
The Decision to Release
420
The Organization of Releasing Authorities
434
Supervision in the Community
442
The Structure of Community Supervision
449
Residential Programs
458
Making It as a Game
467
Postrelease Supervision
473
CORRECTIONAL ISSUES
478
Explaining Prison Population Trends
480
Dealing with the Prison Population Crisis
489
Does Incarceration Pay?
495
Visions of Race and Punishment
501
HAPTER 1 8 Race Ethnicity and Corrections
505
The Significance of Race and Punishment
509
The Death Penalty
519
The Death Penalty and the Constitution
520
Who Is on Death Row?
527
A Continuing Debate? 5 32
534
The Goals of Surveillance 5 40
538
H A P T E R 2 0 Surveillance and Control in the Community 5 3 8
552
Career Opportunities in Corrections 5 6 I
564
A P P E N D I X Career Opportunities in Corrections
565
Index
573
Pboto Credits
586
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

Todd R. Clear is the Provost at Rutgers University in Newark, New Jersey. He is currently involved in studies of religion and crime, the criminological implications of "place," and the concept of "community justice." He serves as founding editor of the journal Criminology and Public Policy. Previous writing covers the topics of correctional classification, prediction methods in correctional programming, community-based correctional methods, intermediate sanctions, and sentencing policy. Clear has been elected to national office in the American Society of Criminology and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. He has served as a programming and policy consultant to public agencies in over 40 states and five nations, and his work has been recognized through several awards, including those of the American Society of Criminology, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, The Rockefeller School of Public Policy, the American Probation and Parole Association, and the International Community Corrections Association. Clear is the author of three books on community justice: COMMUNITY JUSTICE (Cengage Learning), WHAT IS COMMUNITY JUSTICE? (Sage), and THE COMMUNITY JUSTICE IDEAL (Westview). He is also author of IMPRISONING COMMUNITIES: HOW MASS INCARCERATION MAKES DISADVANTAGED PLACES WORSE (Oxford University Press).

George F. Cole is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Connecticut. He has been recognized for outstanding teaching and research and in 1995 was named a Fellow of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. A specialist in the administration of criminal justice, he has published extensively on such topics as prosecution, courts, and corrections. He developed and directed the graduate corrections program at the University of Connecticut and was a Fellow at the National Institute of Justice (1988). Among his other accomplishments, he has been granted two awards under the Fulbright-Hays Program to conduct criminal justice research in England and the former Yugoslavia. He is co-author of several other Cengage Learning/Wadsworth criminal justice titles, including CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA, Eighth Edition (with Christopher Smith and Christina DeJong); AMERICAN CORRECTIONS, Eleventh Edition (with Todd Clear and Michael Reisig); AMERICAN CORRECTIONS IN BRIEF, Third Edition (with Todd Clear, Michael Reisig, and Carolyn Petrosino); and THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: POLITICS AND POLICIES, Tenth Edition (with Marc Gertz).

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