Análisis y metafísica: una introducción a la filosofía

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Grupo Planeta (GBS), 1997 - Philosophy - 206 pages
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Despues de trazar un panorama general de la filosofia analitica, una de las tradiciones mas influyentes del pensamiento del siglo XX y en cuyo seno inequivocamente se situa su obra, el profesor Strawson, con un estilo extraordinariamente claro, nos expone algunos de sus puntos de vista fundamentales sobre la teoria del significado, del conocimiento y de la ontologia. Y en los dos ultimos capitulos, originalmente publicados de forma independiente, se desliza desde esta ultima disciplina hasta el terreno de la filosofia practica, al abordar en ellos los topicos de la explicacion causal y del dilema entre determinismo y libertad.
 

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Contents

Introducción P F Strawson un metafísico tolerante Vicente Sanfélix
11
Prefacio a la edición inglesa
41
dos analogías
43
Reducción o conexión? Conceptos básicos
61
Moore y Quine
73
Lógica epistemología y ontología
99
La experiencia sensible y los objetos materiales
109
El empirismo clásico Lo interno y lo externo Acción y sociedad
123
La verdad y el conocimiento
135
Significado y comprensión Semántica estructural
153
Causación y explicación
167
Libertad y necesidad
195
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

Although the ordinary-language branch of analytic philosophy began as an effort to dissolve philosophy, Peter F. Strawson, who has been one of its major voices, has shown that this approach can be enlarged to address many of the great themes of the Western tradition. Strawson was born in England and educated at Oxford University. After military service during World War II and a brief period of teaching in Wales, he returned to Oxford, where he has remained. Strawson's Introduction to Logical Theory (1952) shows that symbolic logic does not capture the complexity of ordinary language. He therefore argues for a logic of everyday discourse that can capture the conditions under which we use logical construction to express ourselves. He tries to show that some classes of valid arguments are not recognized as such within formal systems and that Aristotelian logic can be defended as preferable to modern logic. Strawson's emphasis on language continues in his later work, in which he uses linguistic structures to address metaphysics and epistemology. His book on Immanuel Kant, for example, uses language to rework a priori knowledge. Individuals (1959) begins his work in descriptive metaphysics by proposing that the concept of the person be taken as philosophically primitive. This, he believes, would avoid two equally incoherent views, the first being Cartesian dualism, the second being the view that states of consciousness can be discussed without reference to a knowing subject.

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