An African Republic: Black and White Virginians in the Making of Liberia
The nineteenth-century American Colonization Society (ACS) project of persuading all American free blacks to emigrate to the ACS colony of Liberia could never be accomplished. Few free blacks volunteered, and greater numbers would have overwhelmed the meager resources of the ACS. Given that reality, who supported African colonization and why? No state was more involved with the project than Virginia, where white Virginians provided much of the political and organizational leadership and black Virginians provided a majority of the emigrants.
In An African Republic, Marie Tyler-McGraw traces the parallel but seldom intersecting tracks of black and white Virginians' interests in African colonization, from revolutionary-era efforts at emancipation legislation to African American churches' concern for African missions. In Virginia, African colonization attracted aging revolutionaries, republican mothers and their daughters, bondpersons schooled and emancipated for Liberia, evangelical planters and merchants, urban free blacks, opportunistic politicians, Quakers, and gentlemen novelists.
An African Republic follows the experiences of the emigrants from Virginia to Liberia, where some became the leadership class, consciously seeking to demonstrate black abilities, while others found greater hardship and early death. Tyler-McGraw carefully examines the tensions between racial identities, domestic visions, and republican citizenship in Virginia and Liberia.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
A Small Frisson of Fear Soon Soothed
The Alchemy of Colonization
Ho All Ye That Are by the PaleFaces Laws Oppressed Out of Virginia
My Old Mistress Promise Me
Revising the Future in Virginia
Other editions - View all
An African Republic: Black & White Virginians in the Making of Liberia
Limited preview - 2007
acs agent African Americans African Colonization Movement American Colonization Society Antebellum Antislavery in Virginia Arlington House Baltimore Bassa Benjamin Brand Papers Black Emigration black Virginians Blackford Bushrod Washington Canot Chapel Hill Charles Fenton Mercer Charlottesville Civil coloniza colored Colston Waring Custis Deborah Lee decade early emancipated slaves emigration to Liberia enslaved evangelical Fredericksburg free blacks freedom funding Gabriel’s ginia Harris Henry Hickin History James January John legislature letters Lott Cary Loudoun County Margaret Mercer Mary Mary Blackford Maryland missionary Monrovia Mount Vernon mulatto Norfolk North Carolina Press Petersburg plantation political president Press of Virginia proslavery Quaker R. R. Gurley race RACS reel republic republican Richmond Roberts Russwurm settlement settlers Shick Sierra Leone slave trade slaveholders slavery South Southampton County Southern Special Collections Staudenraus Teage tion United University of North University Press Virginia colonization Virginia women white Virginians wrote York