An American Scientist on the Research Frontier: Edward Morley, Community, and Radical Ideas in Nineteenth-Century Science

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 27, 2006 - Education - 260 pages
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An American Scientist on the Research Frontier is the first scholarly study of the nineteenth-century American scientist Edward Williams Morley. In part, it is the long-overdue story of a man who lent his name to the Michelson and Morley Ether-Drift Experiment, and who conclusively established the atomic weight of oxygen. It is also the untold story of science in provincial America: what Hamerla presents as science on the "American research frontier".

Hamerla carefully and usefully directs our attention away from more familiar sites of scientific activity during the nineteenth century, such as Harvard, Yale and Johns Hopkins. In so doing, he expands and reframes our understanding of how—and where—important scientific inquiry occurred during these years: not only in the Northeastern centers of elite academia, but also in the vastly different cultural contexts of Hudson and Cleveland, Ohio.

This important examination of Morley’s struggle for personal and professional legitimacy extends and transforms our understanding of science during a foundational period, and leads to a number of unique conclusions that are vital to the literature and historiography of science. By revealing important aspects of the scientific culture of the American heartland, An American Scientist on the Research Frontier deepens our understanding of an individual scientist and of American science more broadly. In so doing, Hamerla changes the way we approach and understand the creation of scientific knowledge, scientific communities, and the history of science itself.

 

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Contents

The Morleys
9
12 Sardis Morley
13
13 Anna Treat Morley
22
14 New York City
27
15 Frank Morley
33
16 Lizzie Morley
37
17 Conclusion
43
Edward Morley Education Civil War and the Western Reserve
47
42 Michelson
124
43 Ether and Light
125
44 Light
127
45 Michelson after Graduation
130
46 Michelson in Europe
135
47 Michelson at Case
139
48 The Michelson and Morley Experiment
144
49 Conclusion
148

22 Education
50
23 Williams and Andover
51
24 Civil War
54
25 United States Sanitary Commission
55
26 Ohio and the Western Reserve
65
27 David Hudson
66
28 Charles Backus Storrs and Activism at WRC
69
29 George Edmond Pierce
73
210 Theology and Debt
74
211 Henry Lawrence Hitchcock
78
212 The Hudson Laboratory
80
213 Carrol Cutler
85
214 The Cleveland Laboratory
89
215 Conclusio
91
Making a Place
93
32 Time
96
33 Telegraphy
103
34 Forensics
109
35 Conclusion
120
Kindred Spirits The Ether Drift
123
Intellectual Heritage Prouts Hypothesis
153
52 Prouts Hypothesis Era of Debate
156
53 Post Karlsruhe
166
54 Theodore Richards
175
Oxygen
181
62 The Constants
184
63 Hydrogen
190
64 Oxygen
199
65 The Density of Oxygen and Hydrogen Series 1
202
66 The Density of Oxygen Series 2
206
67 The Density of Oxygen Series 3 and Hydrogen Series 2
213
68 The Density of Hydrogen Series 5
215
Cooke and Richards Keiser Scott
217
610 Synthesis of Water from Weighed Quantities of Hydrogen and Oxygen
222
611 Morley
228
Epilogue
231
References
239
Index
255
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