## An Introduction to Mathematical TaxonomyStudents of mathematical biology discover modern methods of taxonomy with this text, which introduces taxonomic characters, the measurement of similarity, and the analysis of principal components. Other topics include multidimensional scaling, cluster analysis, identification and assignment techniques, and the construction of evolutionary trees. In addition to its value to undergraduates, this text should also prove practical for postgraduate students and researchers interested in taxonomy and in the use of numerical methods in evolutionary studies. A familiarity with matrix algebra and elementary statistics are the sole prerequisites. 1982 ed. |

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### Contents

An introduction to the philosophy and aims of numerical taxonomy | 1 |

Taxonomic characters | 11 |

The measurement of similarity | 25 |

Principal components analysis | 46 |

Multidimensional scaling | 59 |

Cluster analysis | 77 |

Identification and assignment techniques | 106 |

The construction of evolutionary trees | 122 |

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amino acid applications bacterial binary characters calculated canonical variate analysis Cavalli-Sforza chapter character space character values city-block metric classification Clone cluster analysis clustering algorithm clustering methods coding Computer consider construction cophenetic correlation correlation defined dendrogram described diagnostic key dissimilarity equations Euclidean distance evolution evolutionary tree example Figure function gene given Gower groups homology identification illustrate Introduction Jaccard's coefficient Jardine & Sibson Journal latent roots linear mathematical measure of similarity Michener minimum spanning tree multidimensional scaling Multivariate NC NC nucleotide number of characters numerical methods numerical taxonomy organisms OTUs pair of OTUs particular phenetic phylogenetic plot populations principal components analysis principal coordinates analysis problems produce proximity matrix qualitative characters quantitative relationships Rohlf sequences similarity matrix simple matching coefficient single linkage Sneath & Sokal species specimen spore statistical Summary Systematic Zoology Table Taken with permission taxa taxon taxonomist theory topology transformation variables variance weight

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Page 154 - Vol.3. Hundreds of illustrations Index in Vol 3 . 2 , 000 pp. 6% x 23567-X, 23568-8, 23673-0 Three-vol. set THE EXTRATERRESTRIAL LIFE DEBATE, 1750-1900, MichaelJ. Crowe. First detailed, scholarly study in English of the many ideas that developed from 1750 to 1900 regarding the existence of intelligent extraterrestrial life. Examines ideas of Kant, Herschel, Voltaire, Percival Lowell, many other scientists and thinkers. 16

Page ii - Next, in the potato, we have the scarcely innocent underground stem of one of a tribe set aside for evil; having the deadly nightshade for its

### References to this book

Readings in Multimedia Computing and Networking Kevin Jeffay,HongJiang Zhang No preview available - 2002 |