An Arab Philosophy of History: Selections from the Prolegomena of Ibn Khaldun of Tunis (1332-1406)
The Prolegomena of Ibn Khaldun are in many ways the most remarkable manifestation of Islamic philosophical thought. Not only did Ibn Khaldun sum up the accumulated knowledge and leading doctrines of his civilisation, but in many fields he broke new ground and anticipated the findings of Western social scientists of the last two centuries. The passages have been grouped to illustrate Ibn Khaldun's views on: Historical Method; Geography; Economics; Public Finance; Population; Society and State; Religion and Politics; Knowledge and Society; The Theory of Being; The Theory of Knowledge. This translation is intended for students of thought, rather than specialised Arabic scholars, and for those interested in the intellectual background of the Arab world. First published in 1950 and reprinted several times, this revision contains a new chapter and a thoroughly revised and updated bibliography.
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Chapter One Method
Chapter Two Geography
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Abbaside acquired agricultural animals apprehension Arabic language Arabs arises Baghdad become beduins Beirut-Cairo edition Berbers Cairo Caliphate cause centre century Christian civilization conquered conquest crafts dependent developed dynasty economic Egypt empire enjoy established evil follow grammar grasp habits Hence historians human society Ibn Khaldun Ibn Rushd income increase inhabitants Iraq Islam king kinship knowledge Koran Kufa labour lands language Lawgiver laws lead learning livelihood living luxury matters means mind Moreover Morocco Murabitun Muslim Muwahhidun nature nomadic North Africa object Omayyad oppression owing Persians philosophy political population profits Prolegomena Prophet prosperity Qinnasrin reason regions religion religious ruin rule ruler Sanhaja sciences script sedentary skill social solidarity Sociology soul Spain spiritual stage student Syria taxation taxes things tion to-day towns townsmen traders Transoxania tribal tribes truth Tunisia understanding weakened wealth Yemen Zenata zones