An Archaeology of Religion
Archaeologists have been increasingly turning their attention to the study of religion, but the field so far has lacked a cross-cultural overview. This text challenges archaeological conventions by refusing to respect the geographic and temporal boundaries with which archaeologists too often define their field. Worldwide in range and comparative in perspective, this exploration is guided by several fundamental questions: how do we recognize religion in the archaeological record? When should we recognize the first activities we call religious? What distinguishes a world religion? How can we see the formations of modern world religions in the archaeological record? An Archaeology of Religion begins with the first glimmers of what might be considered religious expression in the Paleolithic period and concludes with the complexities of world religions today. This book is an ambitious attempt to survey how scholars approach the identification of religious sites and practices in the archaeological record.
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Ch01 Introduction and Definitions
Ch02 Grave Issues
Ch05 Gods and Temples
Ch06 Archaeology of Hinduism
Ch07 Archaeology of Buddhism
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altar ancestors animal archaeological record architecture argues artifacts Asherah associated Author’s photo became belief Biblical bones Bronze Age Buddhism buildings buried Cahokia Çatal Huyuk cave cemeteries central century BC ceramic ceremonial Chapter Christian Church Archaeology circa clay complex contexts cross culture deities deposits earliest early elite evidence excavated female Figure figurines Flannery Fogelin gods grave Hinduism historical holy human identified images Inca indicate interpretation Iron Age Islam Jewish Judaism kivas landscape later medieval Mesolithic Middle Paleolithic Mississippian modern monuments mosque Mother Goddess motifs mound Neandertal Neolithic North pagan Parker Pearson pattern period pilgrimage pilgrims places Plan platform platform mound practices rectangular regional cults religious remains retainer burial ritual rock art Roman sacred sanctuary schematic scholars shamanism shrines societies status stone structures stupa suggests supernatural symbol synagogue temenos temples tion tombs tradition Upper Paleolithic wall Wickliffe Mounds world religions worship Zapotec Zoroastrianism