An Atlas of Glass-Ionomer Cements: A Clinician's Guide
The status of glass-ionomers as a restorative material continues to improve along with their reputation for longevity. They have now been shown to be moderately bioactive, so they have a very important role to play in remineralizing tooth structure and helping to heal carious lesions. This comprehensive clinical guide to their uses in operative den
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abfraction acid–base reaction adjacent tooth air/water spray amalgam auto cure glass-ionomer auto cure materials axial wall bonding agent buccal calcium calcium hydroxide capsule caries carious lesion cavity design cermet cermet cement clinical colour compomers composite resin crown dehydration demineralized dentine tubules develop distal enamel and dentine enamel rods erosion lesion etched exposed fast-setting Figure fissure fluoride release gingival margin gingival tissue glass particles glass-ionomer bond glass-ionomer restoration high-strength incisor infected dentine ion-exchange adhesion ionomer ions laminate lesion light-activated lightly liquid low-viscosity luting cement marginal ridge matrix matrix band mixing modified molar Note occlusal load oral environment patient phosphate physical properties placed placement poly(acrylic acid poly(alkenoic acid polyacrylic porosity possible powder–liquid ratio proximal pulp radiograph radiopacity radiopaque remain remove resin bond resin cements resin-modified materials restorative aesthetic restorative material seal showing Small round burs smear layer strontium surface syringe teeth tion tooth structure translucency Type II.1 water balance water uptake