An Ecclesiastical History, Ancient and Modern, from the Birth of Christ to the Beginning of the Eighteenth Century: In which the Rise, Progress, and Variations of Church Power are Considered in Their Connection with the State of Learning and Philosophy, and the Political History of Europe During that Period
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Page 109 - For, not long after Christ's ascension into heaven, several histories of his life and doctrines, full of pious frauds, and fabulous wonders, were composed by persons, whose intentions, perhaps, were not bad, but whose writings discovered the greatest superstition and ignorance. Nor was this all : productions appeared, which were imposed on the world by fraudulent men as the writings of the holy apostles.
Page 409 - The subject of this fatal controversy, which kindled such deplorable divisions throughout the Christian world, was the doctrine of three persons in the godhead ; a doctrine which, in the three preceding centuries, had happily escaped the vain curiosity of human researches, and been left undefined and undetermined by any particular set of ideas.
Page 186 - They all attributed a double sense to the words of scripture ; the one obvious and literal, the other hidden and mysterious, which lay concealed, as it were, under the veil of the outward letter.
Page 284 - Long before this period, an opinion had prevailed, that Christ was to come and reign a thousand years among men, before the entire and final dissolution of this world. This opinion, which had hitherto met with no opposition...
Page 65 - Mosheim gives it as the result of his researches, that " the stories often told respecting their travels among the Gauls, the Britons, the Spaniards, the Germans, the Americans, the Chinese, the Indians, and the Russians, are too recent and fantastic to be received by an inquisitive lover of the truth.
Page 193 - Christ prescribed to all his disciples one and the same rule of life and manners. But certain Christian doctors, either through a desire of imitating the nations among whom they lived, or in consequence of a natural propensity to a life of austerity (which is a disease not uncommon in Syria, Egypt, and other...
Page 211 - The reasons of this particular ritual coincide with what we have said in general concerning the origin and causes of the multiplied ceremonies that crept from time to time into the church.
Page 180 - Jews all hopes of seeing their government restored to its former lustre, and their country arising out of ruins. And accordingly, the bishops considered themselves as invested with a rank and character similar to those of the high priest among the Jews, while the presbyters represented the priests, and the deacons the levites.
Page 137 - The greatest part of this sect adopted rules of life that were full of austerity, recommended a strict and rigorous abstinence, and prescribed the most severe bodily mortifications, from a notion that they had a happy influence in purifying and enlarging the mind, and in disposing it for the contemplation of celestial things. As they looked upon it to be the...
Page 355 - ... enjoyed. In the ecclesiastical commonwealth, they were indeed the most eminent order of citizens ; but still they were citizens as well as their brethren, and subject like them to the edicts and laws of the emperors. All religious causes of extraordinary importance were examined and determined, either by judges appointed by the emperors, or in councils assembled for that purpose, while those of inferior moment were decided in each district by its respective bishop. The ecclesiastical Inws were...