An Ecological Survey of the Proposed Volcano Baru National Park, Republic of Panama

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IUCN, Jan 1, 1973 - National parks and reserves - 77 pages
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Page 4 - Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza y los Recursos Naturales (UICN).
Page 66 - The choice and classification of natural habitats in need of preservation in Central America.
Page 66 - Human influence on the zoogeography of Panama. Ibero-Americana: 51. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Page 55 - Tyr annulet (Serpophaga cinerea) . The canyon walls are covered with thick growth of forest and harbour several Quetzals, the close proximity of the temperate Dipper and the tropical Quetzal being an interesting and unusual feature of the locality. At the head. of the canyon, a waterfall cuts through a cliff-face about halfway down and falls '.roughly 100 feet to a small pool, from which the river, which is easily crossed on foot by boulders and .logs, can.be followed downstream about 1 1/2 miles...
Page 61 - Baru, above 10,500 feet (3,130 m), with unsightly piles of garbage, broken glass, rusty cans, plastic wares, and toilet paper scattered about. Even those persons who make attempts to bury their trash are thwarted by the keen-nosed Coati-Mundis (Nasua nasua) or "gato solo", which in their search .for food dig up the buried refuse.
Page 11 - Airguide altimeter (100 foot graduations) which were read at critical points during ascents and descents of the volcano and on setting up new campsites. It is considered that these altimeter readings were accurate to within a - 400-foot range. The principal map used in field reconnaissance work was the topographic map of Panama (1:50,000), sheets 3642 I, Cerro Punta; 3742 IV, Rio Changuinola; 3742 III, Boquete; and 3642 II, El Hato del Volcan (Direccion de...
Page 25 - ... bamboo was found near the water -hole above Potrero Muleta. The western slope (along the main trail) differed in that fairly lush bamboo growth began at 7500 feet (2270 m) and extended downwards in a belt about 500 feet wide. Small trees of the genus Alnus , strap-like ferns, a gorgeous orange-f lowering, parasitic vine growing in the tree tops, and short yellow-knobbed ground saprophytes were quite noticeable. Less Usnca arid epiphytes were seen, and the forest had a somewhat drier aspect than...
Page 28 - This adjustment of zonation is known as the "massencrhebung" effect, and has been described on other mountains in Panama by Myers (1969). Seventy-two species of plants -- Subalpine and Montane Wet Forest — were collected, pressed and left with the Department of Natural Resources in Panama for identification. To the author's knowledge, this is the first plant collection made from the higher elevations of Volcano Baru. Fo.rest Profile A forest profile was made in primary, or climax, Lox'/er Montane...
Page 65 - Baru3 it is the writer's opinion that this type of- development be eliminated entirely from national park planning. Since Volcan Baru is the highest point in Panama, man cannot afford to violate its still natural and pristine personality. The area -above 7500 to 8000 feet (on both east. and west sides) should be developed only with foot trails. Its use must be left to the self-propelled...
Page 18 - Volcano's foot-hills (known as the "llanos") was formed from laval discharge of the craters. It averages half a mile or more wide, is grown to grass, low bushes and Agave , and is composed largely of pumice. This area is used for pasture-land. Eight samples of soil were taken from various locations between 7000 and 11,300 feet and given to the Ministry of Agriculture for analysis (see Appendix A). Figure 2 - View of crater complex near summit of Volcano Baru Photo Toy: Clyde H. Smith Figure 3 - "Bajareque"...

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