An Economic History of Nineteenth-Century Europe: Diversity and Industrialization

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Cambridge University Press, 2013 - Business & Economics - 521 pages
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Why did some countries and regions of Europe reach high levels of economic advancement in the nineteenth century, while others were left behind? This new transnational survey of the continent's economic development highlights the role of regional differences in shaping each country's economic path and outcome. Presenting a clear and cogent explanation of the historical causes of advancement and backwardness, Ivan Berend integrates social, political, institutional and cultural factors as well as engaging in debates about the relative roles of knowledge, the state and institutions. Featuring boxed essays on key personalities including Adam Smith, Friedrich List, Gustave Eiffel and the Krupp family, as well as brief histories of innovations such as the steam engine, vaccinations and the co-operative system, the book helps to explain the theories and macro-economic trends that dominated the century and their impact on the subsequent development of the European economy right up to the present day.
 

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Contents

four distinctive paths towards modern
6
The timespan
14
From merchant to industrial capitalism in Northwestern Europe
25
New science and values
44
Demography agriculture and industry
54
The Industrial Revolution
63
Conclusion
77
Knowledge and the entrepreneurial state
89
Scandinavia
239
Demographic revolution transformation of life and standard
260
The Europeanization of Europe
284
capital flow into Europe
303
The sleeping peripheries traditional institutions and values
317
the West as model
332
Population explosion and emigration
340
The Western sparks that ignite modernization
354

Science into education
102
Agriculture transportation and communication
119
Railroads
136
The organization of business and finance
152
Three versions of successful industrialization
181
In the footsteps of Britain
196
The second Industrial Revolution
214
Central Europe the Baltic area
377
the Mediterranean and Russia
401
the Balkans
438
economic disparity and alternative postwar
462
References
469
Index
512
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About the author (2013)

Ivan T. Berend is Distinguished Professor in the Department of History at the University of California, Los Angeles. His publications include An Economic History of Twentieth-Century Europe: Economic Regimes from Laissez-Faire to Globalization (Cambridge University Press, 2006) and Europe Since 1980 (Cambridge University Press, 2010).

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