An Environmental Study of Artisanal, Small, and Medium Mining in Bolivia, Chile, and Peru, Volumes 23-429
"Mining exploration investment in the Latin American and Caribbean region has increased 130 percent in the last five years, a figure which increases to 500 percent, if Chile is excluded."Governments have revamped mining legislation to enable private investment while becoming more sensitive to environmental factors. In light of this legislation, this report examines the environmental effects of artisanal, small, and medium mines in three Latin American Countries: Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. Four of the most important elements to be considered are: • The age of the mine • Management of tailings • The heterogeneity of the artisanal and small mine sectors • The increasing need to take cultural considerations into account in the decision making process. The paper contains results of the studies on the various mining sectors, strategy and policy recommendations, and country study summaries.
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Artisanal and Small Minee and the Environment
A Strategy for Artisanal Small and Medium Mining in Bolivia Chile and Peru
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acid rock drainage agriculture alluvial amalgam amount Arequipa artisanal and small artisanal miners benefits Bolivia Chile Chilean CODELCO COMIBOL CONAMA deposits dredges drilling economically viable employment ENAMI environment environmental costs environmental impact environmental investments environmental management environmental performance environmental problems environmental regulations especially exploitation extraction flotation front-end loaders gold cooperatives Huanuni impact path important improve increase indigenous groups industry informal miners investment required large mines large number leaching plants legislation located Madre de Dios management of tailings medium and large medium mining sector mercury method Minerķa mining activities mining companies mining concessions mining operations Ministry Nacional Option percent Peru pneumatic drilling pollution population production profitable quimbalete reduce region rivers role small and medium small mining sector smelters solutions Strategy tailings dams tailings disposal technical three countries tons underground workers World Bank Yauli
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Foreign Direct Investment and the Environment: Lessons from the Mining Sector
No preview available - 2002