An Essay on the Principle of Population: Or, A View of Its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness; with an Inquiry Into Our Prospects Respecting the Future Removal Or Mitigation of the Evils which it Occasions, 第 2 巻
J. Murray, 1817 - 507 ページ
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according actual advantage agriculture allowed America annual appear arising average born bounty calculated capital causes certainly circumstances classes commerce commodities compared condition consequence considerable considered continue corn correct course crease cultivation deaths demand dependent difficulty diminished double doubt effect employed ending England equal estimate Europe evident excess expected fall five follow foreign France give given greater half human importation improvement increase industry kind labour land late laws less live lower manufactures marriages marry means millions mortality natural nearly necessarily necessary observed occasioned parish particular perhaps period persons poor population portion present principle probable produce profits progress proportion of births quantity raise rapid reason registers remain respect returns rise says scarcity seems shillings society subsistence sufficient supply suppose taken tion towns trade true wages whole
341 ページ - ... a convenient stock of flax, hemp, wool, thread, iron, and other necessary ware and stuff to set the poor on work, and also competent sums of money for and towards the necessary relief of the lame, impotent, old, blind, and such other among them being poor and not able to work, and...
337 ページ - Even when they have an opportunity of saving, they seldom exercise it ; but all that they earn beyond their present necessities goes, generally speaking, to the ale-house. The poor-laws may therefore be said to diminish both the power and the will to save among the common people; and thus to weaken one of the strongest incentives to sobriety and industry, and consequently to happiness.
341 ページ - ... for setting to work all such persons, married or unmarried, having no means to maintain them, and use no ordinary and daily trade of life to get their living by...
193 ページ - Mexico is said to contain a hundred thousand inhabitants, which, notwithstanding the exaggerations of the Spanish writers, is supposed to be five times greater than what it contained in the time of Montezuma.
253 ページ - The irremediableness of marriage, as it is at present constituted, undoubtedly deters many from entering into this state. An unshackled intercourse on the contrary would be a most powerful incitement to early attachments; and as we are supposing no anxiety about the future support of children to exist, I do not conceive that there would be one -woman in a hundred, of twenty-three years of age, without a family.
250 ページ - Man cannot live in the midst of plenty. All cannot share alike the bounties of nature. Were there no established administration of property, every man would be obliged to guard with force his little store.
45 ページ - ... and sentiments with himself and used to the familiar intercourse of a society totally different from that to which she must be reduced by marriage. Can a man...
338 ページ - A man who might not be deterred from going to the ale-house from the consideration that on his death, or sickness, he should leave his wife and family upon the parish might yet hesitate in thus dissipating his earnings if he were assured that, in either of these cases, his family must starve or be left to the support of casual bounty.
335 ページ - ... support. Secondly, the quantity of provisions consumed in workhouses upon a part of the society that cannot, in general, be considered as the most valuable part diminishes the shares that would otherwise belong to more industrious and more worthy members, and thus in the same manner forces more to become dependent. If the poor in...
212 ページ - England, taking the highest proportion, it is as 117 to 100. Great and astonishing as this difference is, we ought not to be so wonderstruck at it, as to attribute it to the miraculous interposition of heaven. The causes of it are not remote, latent and mysterious; but near us, round about us, and open to the investigation of every inquiring mind.