An Etymological Dictionary of the English Language
Comprehensive and easy to use, this resource offers numerous cross-references that allow readers to trace English words back to their Indo-European roots. By exhibiting the relationship between English and cognate tongues, it reveals the language's basis in Latin and Greek as well as prior derivations from Anglo-Saxon and Icelandic sources.
Each entry begins with a brief definition and an exact statement of the term's actual (or probable) language of origin. An account of its transition to English usage follows, along with either a few quotations that indicate the period at which the word was adapted, or else the usual Middle-English forms. A helpful Appendix contains a glossary of prefixes, a general accounting of suffixes, a table of Indo-European roots, and vocabularies of homonyms and doublets, in addition to lists showing the distribution of the sources of English.
A standard reference for many years, this volume will prove a practical resource not only to students of comparative philology and of early English, but to everyone with an interest in the origin, history, and development of the English language.
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allied Ancren Riwle Arab Ben Jonson Blount’s Gloss Boethius borrowed Brachet Brugm Brugmann Burguy called Chaucer Chron cognate coined corruption Cotgrave Cursor Mundi derived dial Dictionary Diez dimin doublet Dryden Ducange early EFries Elyot English etymology ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁne ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁsh Florio ﬂow ﬂower French Gael Glouc Godefroy Goth Gower Grein Hatzfeld Havelok hence Hist Icel imitative Irish Ital Kersey’s Dict King Alisaunder Late Late L Latin Layamon London Low G means Milton Morris neut Norw occurs orig origin Ormulum Palsgrave Parv Plowman Poems preﬁx pres prob Prol Prompt prov root Scand sense Shak Skeat Span spelling spelt Spenser stem sufﬁx Supp Swed Teut verb Vulg W. W. Skeat weak grade whence word Wyclif