An Historical Geography of France

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Cambridge University Press, Mar 17, 1994 - History - 563 pages
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In the first book of its kind to appear in the English language, two of France's leading scholars trace the historical geography of their country from its roots in the Roman province of Gaul to the present day. They demonstrate how, for centuries, France was little more than an ideological concept, and examine the relatively late development of a more complex territorial geography, involving political, religious, cultural, agricultural and industrial unities and diversities. Their conclusion is that it is only recently that France has achieved its territorial unity, and has overwritten the fragmentations of its past.
 

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Contents

The isthmus of Gaul
3
Marseilles and the tin routes
25
The impact of Rome
34
From Gaul to France
58
The birth of France
90
The major divisions
122
The secondary divisions
159
Paris and the Parisian centralization
247
The development of the Landes forests
362
The concentration of the cotton industry in Rouen in the nineteenth century
367
The concentration of the Barrois iron and steel industry
368
The concentration of the French iron and steel industry in the nineteenth century
370
Aspects of the establishment of local tradenames aires dap pellation dorigine in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
374
The rural exodus and urbanization
380
The completion of the urban network in the modern period
381
Temporary migrations under the First Empire
387

The geographical impact of the growth of Paris
259
The development of the railways
272
Paris the cultural capital of France
273
From the provinces to the departments
282
The origins of the Tour of France
287
The Tour of France of the compagnons at the beginning of the nineteenth century
289
Didactic itineraries of the nineteenth century
290
The differences
293
general features
297
local aspects
301
Aspects of the differentiation of dances in Lower Brittany
307
The origin and stability of religious attitudes
327
The development of political attitudes
333
Aspects of the meridional political contest
337
Protestantism in the Cevennes The revolts in
338
Desertchurches around 1788
339
The economic differentiation of space
345
The development of the Languedoc and Roussillon vineyards
351
The development of grassland in Normandy
354
The rural exodus
394
The rural exodus and mobility in the nineteenth century
398
The evolution of the urban picture in the second half of the nineteenth century
403
The rate of urban growth in the nineteenth century
404
The France of large organizations by Paul Claval
415
The presidential elections of 1974 and 1981
431
The consolidation of fields and the suppression of hedgerows in western France
447
Contemporary land clearance in Champagne pouilleuse
448
Rail traffic freight
450
Dencentralization in France
451
Contact potentials in France in 1954 and 1975
453
Changes in the geography of urban growth between the nine teenth and the twentieth centuries
456
Plan of Arcachon in 1926
460
The evolution of grands ensembles huge housing estates
462
Paris La Defense
465
General conclusion
466
Guide to further reading
504
Index
533
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About the author (1994)

Professeur emerite a l universite Paris-Sorbonne, consacre ses recherches a l histoire et a l epistemologie de la geographie, a la geographie economique, sociale et politique, a la logique des systemes territoriaux et aux problemes culturels.

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