An Honorable Accord: The Covenant Between the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States
In 1975, after three centuries of colonial rule, the people of the Northern Marianas exercised their right of self-determination to become U.S. citizens in a self-governing commonwealth under U.S. sovereignty. An Honorable Accord is the remarkable account of their tenacious efforts to shape a political future separate from other Micronesian peoples, of the negotiations that produced the Covenant defining the commonwealth relationship, and its eventual approval by the Northern Marianas people and the U.S. Congress. Pacific Islands Monograph Series, No. 18 Published in association with the Center for Pacific Islands Studies, University of Hawaii
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The Negotiations Begin
The Two Sides Square Off on Basic Issues
An Agreement Appears Possible
Hard Bargaining by Both Parties
Writing Down the Agreement
The Final Compromises
Approval in the United States Congress
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agreed Ambassador Williams American approval Bergesen Burton Canham Carolinian Chamorro commission members commission's Committee Congress of Micronesia congressional Constitution covenant Craley December December 19 Defense delegation District Legislature draft economic Edward DLG Pangelinan elected February federal funds future political status Graffenried Guam Guerrero Herman Q insular areas Interior Interview of Edward issues joint June land laws lawyers leaders legislation Letter Manglona Marianas District Marianas negotiators Marianas Political Status Marianas Variety meeting Memorandum ment military million MPSC Muna Municipal Council mutual consent Northern Mariana Islands November Office OMSN Pacific Daily Pacific Islands Palacios plebiscite Political Status Commission Popular party Position Paper President proposed Rabauliman Rasa relationship Rota round Sablan Saipan Santos Secretary self-government Senator Sess session status agreement status negotiations Telegram Tenorio Territorial party Tinian Municipal tion Trust Territory Trusteeship Agreement U.S. Congress UN Trusteeship Council United Nations Vicente vote voters wanted Washington Status LNO Wilson
Page 4 - Charter, shall be : a. to further international peace and security; b. to promote the political, economic, social, and educational advancement of the inhabitants of the trust territories, and their progressive development towards self-government or independence as may be appropriate to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned, and as may be provided by the terms of each trusteeship agreement; c.