An Introduction to Discourse Analysis: Theory and Method

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Psychology Press, 2005 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 209 pages
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Discourse analysis considers how language, both spoken and written, enacts social and cultural perspectives and identities. In this book, James Paul Gee introduces the field and presents his unique integrated approach to it.
Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics, the author presents both a theory of language-in-use and a method of research. Clearly structured and written in a highly accessible style, An Introduction to Discourse Analysis incorporates perspectives from a variety of approaches and disciplines, including applied linguistics, education, psychology, anthropology and communication to help students and scholars from a range of backgrounds to formulate their own views on discourse and engage in their own discourse analysis.
The second edition has been completely revised and updated and contains substantial new material and examples of oral and written language, ranging from group discussions with children, adults, students and teachers to conversations, interviews, academic texts and policy documents.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
theory and method
5
readers and reading
8
Building tasks
10
22 An example
13
Tools of inquiry and discourses
20
whos and whats
22
33 Real Indians
23
67 Discourse models can be partial and inconsistent
84
68 Discourse models as recognition work
88
69 Discourse models as tools of inquiry
92
Discourse analysis
94
72 Reflexivity
97
74 Seven building tasks
104
75 Social languages revisited
105
76 Units and transcription
106

34 Discourses with a big D
26
35 Discourses are not units with clear boundaries
28
36 Discourses as kits
32
37 Note
33
Social languages conversations and intertextuality
35
42 Social languages
37
43 Two grammars
41
44 An example
42
45 Intertextuality
46
46 Big C conversations
48
47 Social languages intertextuality conversations and discourses as tools of inquiry
51
Situated meanings and discourse models
53
52 Form and function analysis
54
53 Languagecontext analysis
57
54 A child acquiring the meaning of a word
58
55 Situated meanings and cultural modelsdiscourse models
59
56 Situated meanings in and out of science
62
57 Situated meanings as assemblies
64
58 A patternrecognition view of the mind
65
59 The social mind
68
Discourse models
71
62 Simulations in the mind
73
63 All meaning is local
76
65 Discourse models in conflict
81
66 Different sorts and uses of discourse models
83
77 An ideal discourse analysis
110
78 Validity
113
79 Starting to do discourse analyses
115
Processing and organizing language
118
82 Function words and content words
119
83 Information
120
84 Stress and intonation
121
85 Lines
124
86 Stanzas
127
87 Macrostructure
128
88 Macrolines
132
89 Tools of inquiry
135
Sample of discourse analysis 1
137
92 Coconstructing socioculturally situated identities
138
93 Building socially situated identities and building different worlds
141
94 Social languages
147
95 Building meaning in narrative
150
Sample of discourse analysis 2
153
102 Sandras narrative
158
Sample of discourse analysis 3
166
Grammar in communication
182
References
194
Index
203
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About the author (2005)

James Paul Gee is the Tashia Morgridge Professor of Reading at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. His previous publications include Social Linguistics and Literacies, The Social Mind, and The New Work Order (with Glynda Hull and Colin Lankshear).

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