An Introduction to Animal Behaviour

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, May 15, 1998 - Science - 450 pages
3 Reviews
Using its powerful beak, a lorikeet gently preens its mate's feathers; young cheetahs rest together in the shade; fireflies semaphore to each other across a darkened landscape and a mongoose deftly bites its prey to death. The study of animal behavior is about all these things and more. It involves absolute stillness and violent activity, all the noises and smells and changes of color and shape that characterize animal life. Taking the organization of behavior within the individual animal as its core, this clear, concise and readable foray into the fascinating world of animal behavior investigates Tinbergen's questions of causation, evolution, development and function. It provides lucid accounts of all levels of behavior from the nerve cell to that of the population. The broad biological approach of this new, rewritten edition makes it an excellent choice for all students of animal behavior and psychology and their teachers.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Questions about animal behaviour
5
The escaping cockroach
7
The courtship of the sage grouse
12
Units of the nervous system
19
Reflexes and more complex behaviour
23
Diversity and unity in the study of behaviour
33
The development of behaviour
35
Measuring motivation
235
Prolonged conflict and stress
239
Stress and animal welfare
246
Conclusions
254
Learning and memory
256
Sensitization and habituation
258
Associative learning
262
Specialized types of learning ability
274

Instinct
41
Genetics and behaviour
52
Development and changes to the nervous system
62
Hormones and early development
68
Early experience and the diversity of parental behaviour
75
Play
84
Imprinting
88
Bird song development
103
Cultural transmission as a form of behavioural development
113
Stimuli and communication
120
What stimuli are and how they act
122
Diverse sensory capacities
129
The problem of pattern recognition
135
Communication
154
The evolution of animal signals
160
Mimicry deception and honesty
176
The honeybee dance
179
The calls of vervet monkeys
188
Motivation and decisionmaking
193
Decisionmaking on different time scales
196
Mechanisms of decisionmaking
205
Behavioural analysis of sequences
209
Physiological explanations of sequences
224
What do animals actually learn?
279
Are there higher forms of learning in animals?
281
The comparative study of learning
286
Can animals think and reflect on their actions?
293
The nature of memory
302
Evolution
318
Genes and behavioural evolution
325
Optimality and behaviour
332
Evolutionarily stable strategies
335
Kin selection and inclusive fitness
338
Conflict and infanticide
348
Cooperation between nonrelatives
352
Sex and sexual selection
355
The phylogeny of behaviour
366
Social organization
371
Advantages of grouping
372
Social organization
380
Social dominance
395
Primate social organization
401
References
419
Index
439
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