An Introduction to Biomechanics: Solids and Fluids, Analysis and Design

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 8, 2004 - Medical - 631 pages
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Designed to meet the needs of undergraduate students, Introduction to Biomechanics takes the fresh approach of combining the viewpoints of both a well-respected teacher and a successful student. With an eye toward practicality without loss of depth of instruction, this book seeks to explain the fundamental concepts of biomechanics. With the accompanying web site providing models, sample problems, review questions and more, Introduction to Biomechanics provides students with the full range of instructional material for this complex and dynamic field.

 

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Contents

Introduction
3
12 Health Care Applications
5
13 What Is Continuum Mechanics?
8
14 A Brief on Cell Biology
11
15 The Extracellular Matrix
16
16 Mechanotransduction in Cells
22
17 General Method of Approach
24
Engineering Statics
26
Exercises
324
Biofluid Mechanics
329
Stress Motion and Constitutive Relations
331
72 Stress and Pressure
332
The Study of Motion
333
74 Constitutive Behavior
351
75 Blood Characteristics
359
76 ConeandPlate Viscometry
364

Exercises
39
Biosolid Mechanics
43
Stress Strain and Constitutive Relations
45
22 Concept of Stress
46
23 Stress Transformations
56
24 Principal Stresses and Maximum Shear
62
25 Concept of Strain
67
26 Constitutive Behavior
81
27 Mechanical Properties of Bone
94
Material Properties
96
Exercises
97
Equilibrium Universal Solutions and Inflation
104
32 NavierSpace Equilibrium Equations
108
33 Axially Loaded Rods
110
34 Pressurization and Extension of a ThinWalled Tube
118
35 Pressurization of a Thin Spherical Structure
130
36 ThickWalled Cylinders
135
First Moments of Area
142
Exercises
147
Extension and Torsion
154
41 Deformations due to Extension
155
42 Shear Stress due to Torsion
169
43 Principal Stresses and Strains in Torsion
176
44 Angle of Twist due to Torque
181
Bone Properties
188
Papillary Muscles
189
47 Inflation Extension and Twist
193
Second Moments of Area
194
Exercises
197
Beam Bending and Column Buckling
202
51 Shear Forces and Bending Moments
203
52 Stresses in Beams
211
53 Deformation in Beams
227
The AFM
235
55 Principle of Superposition
239
56 Column Buckling
245
Parallel Axis Theorem and Composite Sections
254
Exercises
260
Some Nonlinear Problems
271
62 Pseudoelastic Constitutive Relations
277
63 Design of Biaxial Tests on Planar Membranes
287
64 Stability of Elastomeric Balloons
293
65 Residual Stress and Arteries
303
66 A Role of Vascular Smooth Muscle
315
Matrices
321
Vector Calculus Review
368
Exercises
374
Fundamental Balance Relations
379
81 Balance of Mass
380
82 Balance of Linear Momentum
383
83 NavierStokes Equations
386
84 The Euler Equation
392
85 The Bernoulli Equation
396
86 Measurement of Pressure and Flow
411
87 NavierStokes Worksheets
415
Differential Equations
419
Exercises
421
Some Exact Solutions
426
91 Flow Between Parallel Flat Plates
427
92 Steady Flow in Circular Tubes
444
93 Circumferential Flow Between Concentric Cylinders
452
94 Steady Flow in an Elliptical Cross Section
462
95 Pulsatile Flow
465
96 NonNewtonian Flow in a Circular Tube
473
Biological Parameters
477
Exercises
479
Control Volume and Semiempirical Methods
491
102 Control Volume Analyses in Rigid Conduits
500
103 Control Volume Analyses in Deforming Containers
509
104 Murrays Law and Optimal Design
513
105 Buckingham Pi and Experimental Design
518
106 Pipe Flow
528
107 Conclusion
542
Thermodynamics
543
Exercises
545
Closure
555
Coupled SolidFluid Problems
557
112 Diffusion Through a Membrane
559
113 Dynamics of a Saccular Aneurysm
571
QLV and Beyond
582
115 Lubrication of Articulating Joints
597
116 Thermomechanics Electromechanics and Chemomechanics
603
Exercises
606
Epilogue
612
122 Need for Lifelong Learning
617
123 Conclusion
618
References
619
Index
625
About the Authors
631
Copyright

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Popular passages

Page 621 - Levesque. MJ and Nerem, RM, 1985, "The Elongation and Orientation of Cultured Endothelial Cells in Response to Shear Stress" . Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.
Page 622 - Gaub, HE, 1992. From molecules to cells: imaging soft samples with the Atomic Force Microscope.
Page 623 - N. (2000) Cell mechanics: Mechanical response, cell adhesion, and molecular deformation.
Page 623 - Shustin, VA (1984). Balloon catheter technique for dilatation of constricted cerebral arteries after aneurysmal SAH. Acta Neurochir.

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