An Introduction to Christian Ethics: Goals, Duties, and Virtues
A few years ago, the first distinction that ethicists drew was the line between Christian ethics and philosophical ethics. However, in our global context, Christian ethicists must now, in addition, compare and contrast various ethics. Christian ethics has become increasingly multivocal not only because of a plurality of faiths but also because of a plurality of Christianities.
Beginning with five key ideas about God's relationship to humanity and history, Dr. Lovin shows how these work together to shape the Christian stance. In the first three chapters, he then shows how those ideas took shape in relation to other ways of thinking about ethics in the world of early Christianity and identifies four major variations: Synergy, Integrity, Realism, and Liberation. The six remaining chapters cover historical and contemporary developments in the three ways of thinking about moral choices: teleology, deontology, and areteology. Test cases are also included.
The purpose of the book is to indicate what is possible in Christian ethics, rather than to prescribe one way that it ought to be done. The aim is not to get readers to choose one among the Christian possibilities and use it exclusively, but use this introduction as a resource to arrive at their own ways of thinking about moral problems in order to act with integrity.
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achieve action argued Aristotle Aristotle’s Augustine’s authority Barth begin Bentham Calvin casuistry Catholic Christian ethics Christian stance church command courage critical deontological deontological ethics Dietrich Bonhoeffer duty eudaimonia evil faith goals God’s creation greatest number Greek happiness Hauerwas human law human nature Ibid ideas identify important Integrity introduction to Christian Jesus justice Kant kind Liberation live Luther modern moral choices moral decisions moral problems moral realism moral reasoning moral rules moral thinking moral virtues natural law neighbors oppressed particular person philosophers pleasure political possible principles prudence questions Realism reality redemption Reinhold Niebuhr relation relationship religion religious requires responsibility resurrection destiny Richard Niebuhr right choice right thing scripture seek share situation situation ethics social society Stanley Hauerwas Stoics Summa theologiae Synergy teleology tell theologians theological virtues theology Thomas Aquinas tion traditions understanding University Press utilitarian virtue ethics