An Introduction to English Sentence Structure
This outstanding resource for students offers a step-by-step, practical introduction to English syntax and syntactic principles, as developed by Chomsky over the past 15 years. Assuming little or no prior background in syntax, Andrew Radford outlines the core concepts and how they can be used to describe various aspects of English sentence structure. This is an abridged version of Radford's major new textbook Analysing English Sentences (also published by Cambridge University Press), and will be welcomed as a handy introduction to current syntactic theory.
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A-movement agreement features analysis anaphor assumption attracts become the speciﬁer bold-printed bracketed c-commands Chomsky clitic closest complement clause Condition copy deleted deriving the structure edge feature EPP feature expletive expression external argument ﬁnd ﬁnite clauses ﬁrst form the T-bar form the VP goal grammar hence I-language indeﬁnite inﬁnitival interrogative interrogative word italicised language lexical light verb linguistic main clause maximal projection move to spec-C movement operation negative nominative nonﬁnite nonterminal node noun null complementiser null subject null subject language overt p-complete parameters passive person and number PF component predicate preposed preposition Principle probe properties quantiﬁer question relevant resulting TP Ruritania semantic sentence shown in simpliﬁed simpliﬁed form spec-T speciﬁer position structure shown syntactic structure syntax T-auxiliary T-probe tense afﬁx tense auxiliary thematic role third person transitive verb turn merged unaccusative unaccusative verb ungrammatical Universal Grammar unvalued V-bar Verb Phrase wh-expression wh-movement wh-word word