An Introduction to Forensic Geoscience

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John Wiley & Sons, Apr 30, 2012 - Law - 482 pages
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An Introduction to Forensic Geoscience provides fundamental training in geoscience as developed through the lens of its forensic applications. It incorporates a range of topics including geophysical methods of grave detection, the mineralogy of art, identification of microfossils, and comparison of soil trace evidence samples. Each topic is introduced using core concepts that are developed with increasing complexity in order to give readers an understanding of the underlying scientific principles involved and a taste of the wide range of possible forensic uses. A variety of detailed reference tables have been compiled for the text and each chapter contains lists of references to applicable textbooks and journal articles. Examples of real criminal cases are also presented in each chapter to make the connections between theory and real world application. The goal of this book is to give readers a familiarity with the wide range of ways in which geoscience principles and geological materials can be utilized forensically.

"... I was struck by its detail, both in the description of relevant interesting case studies and the very extensive description of geoscientific analysis of materials and techniques, together with an associated impressive amount of data, information and interpretive techniques. Being a chartered geologist with five years of forensic geoscience investigations behind me, I can say I was hugely impressed with such an extensive textbook, and feel I could recommend it to forensic geoscientist practitioners and undergraduate students alike."
Dr Jamie K Pringle, Keele University

 

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Contents

The Basic Building Blocks
24
1 Approximate elemental composition of the continental crust
44
3 Common crystal habits
50
4 Listing of the physical characteristics of common or important
58
Storybooks
63
Chapter Three
68
2 Phaneritic feldspathic rocks with quartz
76
9 Simplified scheme to relate sedimentary rock types with
85
Getting the Dirt on Crime
220
Chapter Seven
226
2 Sieve numbers and mesh sizes in SI units
245
6 Criteria for describing soil consistency
260
9 Interatomic spacing of three largest peaks for several common
275
The Geology of Art
281
Chapter Eight
295
2 Characteristics of some common mineral pigments
308

11 Index minerals in the Barrovian zones with pelitic protoliths Index
96
Getting a Sense of Place
103
Chapter Four
128
in a Grain of Sand
132
Chapter Five
137
3 Verbal descriptions for skewness
144
4 Phi standard deviations and sorting terms
146
Those Most
168
Chapter
181
4 Indices of refraction and axes
197
9
317
11
323
Chapter Nine
356
Anthropology and Forensic
383
Chapter
401
Pollution to its Source
431
Index
472
Color Plates appear between pages
478
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Elisa Bergslien is an Associate Professor at Buffalo State College. With a background in contaminant hydrogeology, she has been involved with the environmental law aspects of geology for years. In 2005, she begin teaching a Forensic Geoscience course as an elective for a well established Forensic Chemistry program and has been involved in research developing the science behind many of the assumptions used in forensic trace evidence examination. She is currently serving as the Information Officer for the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) Initiative on Forensic Geology.

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