An Introduction to Forensic Geoscience

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John Wiley & Sons, Mar 23, 2012 - Science - 320 pages
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An Introduction to Forensic Geoscience provides fundamental training in geoscience as developed through the lens of its forensic applications. It incorporates a range of topics including geophysical methods of grave detection, the mineralogy of art, identification of microfossils, and comparison of soil trace evidence samples. Each topic is introduced using core concepts that are developed with increasing complexity in order to give readers an understanding of the underlying scientific principles involved and a taste of the wide range of possible forensic uses. A variety of detailed reference tables have been compiled for the text and each chapter contains lists of references to applicable textbooks and journal articles. Examples of real criminal cases are also presented in each chapter to make the connections between theory and real world application. The goal of this book is to give readers a familiarity with the wide range of ways in which geoscience principles and geological materials can be utilized forensically.

Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/bergslien/forensicgeoscience.

 

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Contents

The Basic Building Blocks
24
The Story of BreX
39
1 Approximate elemental composition of the continental crust
44
3 Common crystal habits
50
4 Listing of the physical characteristics of common or important
58
Storybooks
63
Chapter Three
68
2 Phaneritic feldspathic rocks with quartz
76
Chapter Seven
226
Use of Soil Evidence in a Heartbreaking Crime
240
2 Sieve numbers and mesh sizes in SI units
245
Rare Minerals Linked to Crime
255
6 Criteria for describing soil consistency
260
9 Interatomic spacing of three largest peaks for several common
275
Using the Mineralogy of Crime
278
The Geology of Art
281

A Question of Source Ruffell and McKinley 2008
77
9 Simplified scheme to relate sedimentary rock types with
85
11 Index minerals in the Barrovian zones with pelitic protoliths Index
96
An Investigation of Bosnian War Crimes Brown 2006
101
Getting a Sense of Place
103
Where Were You the Night of ?
116
Chapter Four
128
in a Grain of Sand
132
Chapter Five
137
3 Verbal descriptions for skewness
144
4 Phi standard deviations and sorting terms
146
The Murder of Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro Lombardi 1999
150
Sand from the Bottom of a Shoe Petraco Kubic and Petraco 2008
163
Those Most
168
Chapter
181
4 Indices of refraction and axes
197
Conflict Diamonds
200
Jaded
214
Getting the Dirt on Crime
220
The LInfante Brainerd 1988
293
Chapter Eight
295
2 Characteristics of some common mineral pigments
308
9
317
11
323
Use of Fossils to Help with a Question ofWhere
347
Chapter Nine
356
Kidnapping and Diatoms
364
Anthropology and Forensic
383
Chapter
401
Pigs in the Ground and an Application of ER
406
Helpful Negative Results
420
Pollution to its Source
431
Mom This Water Tastes Funny
437
The San Mateo Mystery Spill
458
Index
472
Color Plates appear between pages
478
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About the author (2012)

Elisa Bergslien is an Associate Professor at Buffalo State College. With a background in contaminant hydrogeology, she has been involved with the environmental law aspects of geology for years. In 2005, she begin teaching a Forensic Geoscience course as an elective for a well established Forensic Chemistry program and has been involved in research developing the science behind many of the assumptions used in forensic trace evidence examination. She is currently serving as the Information Officer for the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) Initiative on Forensic Geology.

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