An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems

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OUP Oxford, Jan 11, 2007 - Business & Economics - 397 pages
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Health planning is a critical component when responding to the health needs of low and middle income countries, characterised by particularly stringent resource constraints. The major communicable diseases such as AIDS, TB and malaria often appear in parallel with growing non-communicable diseases including heart disease and diabetes, and yet resources are often less than the levels recommended by the World Health Organisation for basic health care.The new edition of this well-respected text explains the importance of health planning in both developing regions such as Africa, and those in transition, such as Central and Eastern Europe. It stresses the importance of understanding the national and international context in which planning occurs, and provides an up to date analysis of the major current policy issues, including health reforms. Separate chapters are dedicated to the distinct issues of finance for health care and humanresource planning. The various techniques used at each stage of the planning process are explained, starting with the situational analysis and then looking in turn at priority-setting, option appraisal, programming, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. The book ends by examining the challengesfacing planners in the 21st century, particularly in the light of growing globalisation. A major theme of the book is the need to recognise and reconcile the inevitable tension that lies between value judgements and 'rational' decision-making. As such, in addition to introducing techniques such as costing and economic appraisal, it also outlines techniques such as stakeholder analysis for understanding the relative attitudes and power of different groups in planning decisions.Each chapter includes a comprehensive bibliography (including key websites), a summary, and exercises to help the reader practise techniques and better understand the content. The book argues that all health professionals and community groups should be involved in the planning process for it to be effective, and will therefore appeal to anyone involved in planning.
 

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Contents

1 What is planning and why plan?
1
2 Approaches to planning
29
3 The policy context
55
4 Planning for health
103
5 Financing healthcare
129
6 Information for planning
157
7 Situational analysis
185
8 Setting priorities
201
9 Costs and costing
225
10 Option appraisal and evaluation
247
11 Resource allocation and budgeting
277
12 Programmes projects implementation and monitoring
305
13 Planning human resources
331
14 The future of planning and planning for the future
355
Index
387
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About the author (2007)

Andrew Green has been at the University of Leeds since 1983, where he carries out research and teaching in the areas of planning, policy, systems, and economics, within the health sector of low to middle income countries. He also provides policy advice to national governments on healthsystems and has worked in a number of countries in Africa, Asia, and Central and Eastern Europe.

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