An Introduction to Millikelvin Technology
Betts presents a concise introduction to the experimental technicalities of low and ultralow temperature physics research. He has made extensive use of diagrams as aids to understanding, and refers the reader to the professional literature as soon as the level of the text is high enough. Topics covered include all aspects of low temperature technology, beginning with an introduction to the thermodynamic principles of refrigeration and thermometry. The text also covers the properties of fluid 3He/4He mixtures, and all the means of achieving low temperatures, including dilution and Pomeranchuk refrigeration and adiabatic nuclear demagnetization.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
3He atoms adiabatic applied ﬁeld approximately bellows Betts boundary resistance capacitance Carnot cycle cerium chapter CLMN coil compression cooling copper critical point cryostat depend device dilute mixture dilute phase dilution refrigerator eddy current eddy current heating enthalpy entropy entropy of copper equation evaporation example experimental Fermi ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁrst ﬁxed ﬂakes ﬂow Frossati geometry Greywall He-II heat exchanger heat leak heat switch helium helium-3 isentropic Kapton Kelvin Korringa liquid 3He lowest temperatures magnetic ﬁeld melting curve melting pressure methods millikelvin mixing chamber nuclear demagnetisation nuclear paramagnet nuclei Osmotic pressure paramagnet piston Pomeranchuk refrigerator powder PrNi5 pump pure 3He range resistors sample Section shield shown in Figure shows sintered solidiﬁcation speciﬁc heat sufﬁciently superconducting superﬂuid superleak T/mK Figure Temperature changes tesla thermal conductivity thermometer thermometry tricritical point tube vapour pressure Vermeulen Waals ﬂuid Wheatley wires zero