An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

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Elsevier, Jul 7, 2010 - Technology & Engineering - 250 pages
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Safety and environmental impact is of uppermost concern when dealing with the movement and storage of nuclear waste. The 20 chapters in 'An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation' cover all important aspects of immobilisation, from nuclear decay, to regulations, to new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used in transport: cement, bitumen and glass, with the greatest attention being given to glass. The last chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of each matrix, and on new developments of ceramics and glass composite materials, thermochemical methods and in-situ metal matrix immobilisation. The book thoroughly covers all issues surrounding nuclear waste: from where to locate nuclear waste in the environment, through nuclear waste generation and sources, treatment schemes and technologies, immobilisation technologies and waste forms, disposal and long term behaviour. Particular attention is paid to internationally approved and worldwide-applied approaches and technologies.

* Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilisation: Cement, bitumen, glass and new materials.
* Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste – such as treatment schemes and technologies, and disposal - at the forefront.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction to Immobilisation
1
Chapter 2 Nuclear Decay
9
Chapter 3 Contaminants and Hazards
23
Chapter 4 Heavy Metals
35
Chapter 5 Naturally Occurring Radionuclides
43
Chapter 6 Background Radiation
53
Chapter 7 Nuclear Waste Regulations
61
Chapter 8 Principles of Nuclear Waste Management
71
Chapter 12 Management and Characterisation of Radioactive Wastes
125
Chapter 13 PreTreatment of Radioactive Wastes
135
Chapter 14 Treatment of Radioactive Wastes
149
Chapter 15 Immobilisation of Radioactive Wastes in Cement
179
Chapter 16 Immobilisation of Radioactive Wastes in Bitumen
201
Chapter 17 Immobilisation of Radioactive Wastes in Glass
213
Chapter 18 New Immobilising Hosts and Technologies
251
Chapter 19 Nuclear Waste Disposal
269

Chapter 9 Sources and Characteristics of Nuclear Wastes
81
Chapter 10 ShortLived Waste Radionuclides
105
Chapter 11 LongLived Waste Radionuclides
115
Chapter 20 Performance Assessment
289
Index
307
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About the author (2010)

Dr Michael I. Ojovan is an Associate Professor (Reader) in Materials Science and Waste Immobilisation at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Sheffield, UK.

Professor William E. Lee FREng is Deputy Chair of the Government advisory Committee on Radioactive Waste Management (CoRWM), and Director of the Centre for Nuclear Engineering at Imperial College London, UK.