An Introduction to Radiation Dosimetry
First published in 1979, this volume presents an elementary and, as far as is practicable, non-mathematical introduction to radiation dosimetry. Where it proved necessary to use mathematical notation, it was kept to a simple level. The volume treats dosimetry from first principles, dealing with the interaction of the various radiations with matter, then defining dosimetric quantities and units and showing how the more important ones are measured. It concludes with a brief chapter on radiation protection. Although a number of dosimetric systems are described in some detail the treatment is by no means encyclopaedic. SI units appear throughout, including some which were not yet in universal use when the book was first published. Where it was considered necessary, the older non-SI units were also defined and conversion factors were given.
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absorber absorption accelerated air wall chamber alpha particles amount of energy angle ation atomic number materials attenuation coefficient bremsstrahlung calibrated calorimeter calorimetric cavity charge liberated collision Compton process curve delta ray density depends detector dose rate dose-equivalent dosemeter dosimetry duced effective atomic number elec emulsion energy deposited energy lost energy photons energy transfer equal exposure rate field film fluence fraction gives the exposure greater heat high atomic number high energy incident photon increases inelastic collisions intensity ion pair ionization and excitation ionization chamber ionization current ionization produced ionizing radiation irradiated isotope kinetic energy lithium fluoride low energies mass of air matter medium monoenergetic neutrons nucleus occurs pair production photoelectric process photon energy photon interacts plates positron potential difference proportional radi recoil electron roentgen scattered secondary electrons sensitivity shell shown in fig soft tissue spectrum stopping power temperature thickness unit mass volume wavelength X-rays