An Introduction to Syntax

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 26, 2001 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 239 pages
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Clearly organized and accessible, this comprehensive new textbook provides students with a thorough grounding in the analysis of syntactic structure using data from a typologically wide variety of languages. The book guides students through the basic concepts involved in syntactic analysis and goes on to prepare them for further work in any syntactic theory, using examples from a range of phenomena in human languages. It also includes a chapter on theories of syntax. Each chapter includes generous exercises and recommendations for further study.
 

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Contents

Syntax lexical categories and morphology
1
11 Aspects of syntactic structure
4
12 Lexical categories
6
13 Morphology
13
Notes and suggested readings
17
Grammatical relations
21
21 Grammatical relations versus semantic roles
22
22 Properties of grammatical relations
33
45 Constituent structure and grammatical relations
137
Notes and suggested readings
142
Grammar and lexicon
144
52 The lexicon and subcategorization
156
53 Relationaldependency rules and lexicon
162
54 Concluding remarks
168
Notes and suggested readings
169
Theories of syntax
172

23 Other systems of grammatical relations
70
24 Conclusion
79
Exercises
80
Dependency relations
86
31 Syntactic dependencies
87
Dependency representations
101
Conclusion
106
Notes and suggested readings
107
Constituent structure
110
41 Constituents and their formal representation
111
42 The universality of form classes
119
43 An alternative schema for phrase structure
122
44 The structure of complex sentences
133
61 Relational Grammar
173
62 LexicalFunctional Grammar
182
63 GovernmentBinding Theory
193
64 Role and Reference Grammar
205
Summary
218
66 Other syntactic theories
221
67 Conclusion
224
Notes and suggested readings
225
References
227
Language index
234
Subject index
236
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The Structure of German
Anthony Fox
No preview available - 2005
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