An Introduction to Transformational Grammar

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University Press of America, 1977 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 260 pages
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This volume, originally published by Winthrop Publishers in 1977, discusses transformational grammar in relation to traditional and structural grammar, enabling students to relate the theory to what they already know about grammar. Although all important technical terms and processes are presented, non-technical language is used as much as possible. Examples from literature and from actual language usage are employed throughout the book, and one section is devoted to practical applications to writing, reading, and literary criticism, and the understanding of dialects. A comprehensive glossary is provided.
 

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Contents

A Brief History of the Study of Grammar
1
The View Creates the Object
3
Traditional Grammar
4
Historical Grammar
11
Structural Grammar
14
Transformational Grammar
19
A Transformational Grammar
33
Linguistic Competence and the Goals of Transformational Grammar
35
Affix Hopping
111
The Indirect Object Switch
115
The Passive Transformation
120
The Negative Transformation
128
Interrogative Transformations
137
The Emphatic Transformation
153
The Imperative Transformation
158
Pronominalization
163

Phrase Structure Rules
39
The Sentence
48
The Noun Phrase
55
The Auxiliary
65
The Verb Phrase
76
Lexical Features and Selectional Restrictions
86
Transformational Processes
97
Segment Structure or Local Transformations
105
The Agreement Rule
108
Relative Clauses
176
Complementation
189
Conjunction
200
Applications of Transformational Grammar
207
A Glossary of Grammatical Terms
233
Bibliography
248
Index
253
Copyright

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About the author (1977)

Diane D. Bornstein was formerly a Professor in the Department of English, Queens College, New York

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