An Introduction to the Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids

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John Wiley & Sons, Jun 10, 2005 - Science - 304 pages
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This practical guide to spectroscopy and inorganic materials meets the demand from academia and the science community for an introductory text that introduces the different optical spectroscopic techniques, used in many laboratories, for material characterisation.
  • Treats the most basic aspects to be introduced into the field of optical spectroscopy of inorganic materials, enabling a student to interpret simple optical (absorption, reflectivity, emission and scattering) spectra
  • Contains simple, illustrative examples and solved exercises
  • Covers the theory, instrumentation and applications of spectroscopy for the characterisation of inorganic materials, including lasers, phosphors and optical materials such as photonics

This is an ideal beginner’s guide for students with some previous knowledge in quantum mechanics and optics, as well as a reference source for professionals or researchers in materials science, especially the growing field of optical materials.

 

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Contents

1 Fundamentals
1
2 Light Sources
39
3 Monochromators and Detectors
77
4 The Optical Transparency of Solids
113
5 Optically Active Centers
151
6 Applications Rare Earth and Transition Metal Ions and Color Centers
199
7 Group Theory and Spectroscopy
235
Appendix A1 The Joint Density of States
263
Appendix A2 The Effect of an Octahedral Field on a d1 Valence Electron
266
Appendix A3 The Calculation of the Probability of Spontaneous Emission by Means of Einsteins Thermodynamic Treatment
271
Appendix A4 The Determination of Smakulas Formula
274
Index
277
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Page 262 - The energy needed for this photonelectron interaction is equal to the energy difference between the bottom of the conduction band and the top of the valence band, called the energy gap.
Page 262 - Coulombic interaction term, me and mh are the effective masses of the electron and hole, respectively, and R is the radius of the microcrystalline particle.

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