An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language

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Cambridge University Press, Dec 14, 2006 - Philosophy
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In this textbook, Michael Morris offers a critical introduction to the central issues of the philosophy of language. Each chapter focusses on one or two texts which have had a seminal influence on work in the subject, and uses these as a way of approaching both the central topics and the various traditions of dealing with them. Texts include classic writings by Frege, Russell, Kripke, Quine, Davidson, Austin, Grice and Wittgenstein. Theoretical jargon is kept to a minimum and is fully explained whenever it is introduced. The range of topics covered includes sense and reference, definite descriptions, proper names, natural-kind terms, de re and de dicto necessity, propositional attitudes, truth-theoretical approaches to meaning, radical interpretation, indeterminacy of translation, speech acts, intentional theories of meaning, and scepticism about meaning. The book will be invaluable to students and to all readers who are interested in the nature of linguistic meaning.
 

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Contents

2 Frege on Sense and reference
21
We end up with some uncertainty about what we should
47
3 Russell on definite descriptions
49
France is that its hard to see that there is
53
the fact is that Alice Cooper is not a
73
4 Kripke on proper names
74
and metaphysical or ontological considerations Epistemic considerations
93
5 Naturalkind terms
94
8 The semantics of propositional
152
and then explain how they were sitting by drawing a
169
9 Davidson on truth and meaning
173
10 Quine and Davidson on translation
194
11 Quine on the indeterminacy of
214
Dogmas remains quite widely accepted particularly in the United States
215
12 Austin on speech acts
231
13 Grice on meaning
248

just those kinds whose identity is independent of human interests
108
6 Quine on de re and de dicto modality
113
of necessity by denying C And the difficulty with this
133
7 Reference and propositional
134
voice was referring to him And in any case the
147
inaugurated a whole research programme within the philosophy of
249
14 Kripke on the rulefollowing
271
dispositionalist account of meaning but it would offer us a
287
15 Wittgenstein on the Augustinian
292

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Page 13 - The comfort, and advantage of society, not being to be had without communication of thoughts, it was necessary, that man should find out some external sensible signs, whereof those invisible ideas, which his thoughts are made up of, might be made known to others.
Page 13 - Man, though he has great . variety of thoughts, and such from which others as well as himself might receive profit and delight, yet they are all within his own breast." In this sentence, the nominative man stands alone and unconnected with any verb, either expressed or implied. It should be, " Tliouyh man has great variety,
Page 13 - Thus we may conceive how words, which were by nature so well adapted to that purpose, come to be made use of by men as the signs of their ideas ; not by any natural connexion that there is between particular articulate sounds and certain ideas, for then there would be but one language amongst all men ; but by a voluntary imposition, whereby such a word is made arbitrarily the mark of such an idea. The use, then, of words is to be sensible marks of ideas, and the ideas they stand for are their proper...
Page 13 - Ideas, which his thoughts are made up of, might be made known to others. For this purpose, nothing was so fit, either for Plenty or Quickness, as those articulate Sounds, which with so much Ease and Variety, he found himself able to make. Thus we may conceive how Words, which were by Nature so well adapted to that purpose, come to be made use of by Men, as the Signs of their Ideas...

About the author (2006)

Michael Morris is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Sussex. He is author of The Good and the True (1992) and numerous articles.

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